Arab EFL Learners Encoding and Decoding Idioms
The book explores in detail the process of identifying idioms and the factors that affect comprehension. The author also analyses the current state of bilingual Arabic-English-Arabic dictionaries and asks to what extent learners can rely on them as a source for decoding idioms.
Chapter FourDictionary Use, Idiom Production 101
CHAPTER FOUR Dictionary Use, Idiom Production All types of dictionaries are, in principle, concerned with idiomatic usage, particularly since such entries are significant to both native and foreign lan‑ guage users. As defined earlier, an idiom is an institutionalized expression consisting of at least two morphemes, in which the meaning of the whole is not a product of the parts, and which involves at least one deficiency of a structural, semantic or pragmatic nature. One of the characteristics of an idiom is its institutionalization, i.e. its inclusion in the dictionary, which takes place after a long period of use, as idioms are called ‘dead metaphors’. Research into dictionary use and dictionary requirements can be recog‑ nized in a number of ways. Hartmann (2001) distinguished four categories of investigation (Nessi, 2000: 3). First, research into the information cat‑ egories presented in dictionaries. In other words, research into dictionary typology. Second, research into specific dictionary user groups is referred to by Hartmann as ‘user typology’. Third, is research into the contexts of dictionary use ‘needs typology’. And finally, research into dictionary look‑ up strategies, known as ‘skills typology’. For the purpose of the present study, a discussion follows of the specific dictionary user group (EFL Arab subjects) and their look‑up strategies as advanced language learners using bilingual dictionaries (Arabic‑English‑ Arabic). In this section, some investigations will be made of the dif ferent types of looking‑up operations and the skills required to make them suc‑ cessful. Before that, however, an...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.