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The Kashubs: Past and Present

Past and Present

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Edited By Cezary Obracht-Prondzynski and Tomasz Wicherkiewicz

The Kashubs, a regional autochthonous group inhabiting northern Poland, represent one of the most dynamic ethnic groups in Europe. As a community, they have undergone significant political, social, economic and cultural change over the last hundred years. At the beginning of the twentieth century, the Kashubs were citizens of Germany. In the period between the two World Wars they were divided between three political entities: the Republic of Poland, the Free City of Danzig and Germany. During the Second World War, many Kashubs were murdered, and communist Poland subsequently tried to destroy the social ties that bound the community together. The year 1989 finally brought about a democratic breakthrough, at which point the Kashubs became actively engaged in the construction of their regional identity, with the Kashubian language performing a particularly important role.
This volume is the first scholarly monograph on the history, culture and language of the Kashubs to be published in English since 1935. The book systematically explores the most important aspects of Kashubian identity – national, regional, linguistic, cultural and religious – from both historical and contemporary perspectives.

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Appendices 227

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Appendix 1 Aleksander Majkowski, Żëcé i przigòdë Remusa (passage from Chapter XIV – original version in Kashubian): (…) W niedzelã pón Józef mie znowù kôzôł przińc. Ten rôz òn òblec- zony sedzôł na stółkù przë stole. Béł prawie przë pisaniu. Ale czej jem wszedł, cësnął pióro i rzekł: – Na cëż to pisanié sã zdô? Za pòzdze dlô mie, bò smierc za dwiérzami. Sadni, chłopkù, bësma pògôdała! Tej zaczął mie òpòwiadac tak: – Òd nômłodszich lat szukôł jem taczi ksążczi, w chtërny bë zapisóné bëłë dzeje naszégò lëdu kaszëbsczégò. Alem taczi ksążczi nie nalôzł w żódny ksãgarni. Czej jem sã tegò doznôł, tej ùwzął jem sã napisac nasze dzeje sóm. Ale dalekò òd òjczëznë, nieùbëtk i wanożenié nie dałë mie leżnoscë k’temù, a terô, czej jem wrócył, lãpka mòjégò żëcô gasnie. Co dzysô piszã, to bôjka, chtërną cë pòwiém. Żôl mie bëło, ale nie òdrzekł jem nick, bòm wiedzôł, że smierc mù przetnie kòżdą robòtã. A òn zdrzącë długò na mie, rzekł kù reszce: – Żebës të tak miôł wid i miecz! W sercu mie zakłóło na te słowa, bòm sobie przëbôcził, co mie ksądz rzekł, jak mie przëjął do wiarë: Dac tobie wid i miecz, a chto...

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