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Jewish Education in England, 1944-1988

Between Integration and Separation

David Mendelsson

Today, the dominant model for Jewish education is the community-wide, technologically advanced day school, where the Judaic subjects are taught by professional educators using student-friendly, interactive methodologies. Not so long ago, however, most Jewish education consisted of rote repetition of prayers and biblical passages and their translation into awkward English by teachers with no formal pedagogic training, in classes – often located in synagogue basements – held on Sunday or once a week after ‘ordinary’ school.
This book explains the radical reconfiguring of Jewish education in England in historical and sociocultural terms. It explores the transformations that took place in every aspect of Jewish education: curriculum, religious/ideological orientation, school format (afternoon classes vs day schools), funding (private vs state), and more. The author shows that this dramatic transition directly reflects both changes in the socioeconomic profile and self-identity of Anglo-Jewry as well as demographic and cultural changes in British society in general. Tracking the shift from integration to separation, this book maps the effect of competing societal, personal and communal agendas, pedagogic paradigms, and pragmatic constraints on the rise of the Jewish day school in England.


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Bibliography 293


Bibliography Archives ACC London Metropolitan Archives (LMA) [formerly Greater London Records Of fice] CR Chief Rabbi’s Of fice, now housed at LMA CZA Central Zionist Archives, Jerusalem ISA Israel State Archives, Jerusalem JNUL Jewish National and University Library, Jerusalem M-O Mass Observation Archive, University of Sussex MS University of Southampton, Anglo-Jewish Archives PRO ED National Archives [created between 2003 and 2006 from four government bodies, including the PRO (Public Record Of fice)], Kew, Richmond, Surrey Mocatta Library, University College, London Oral History Division, Harman Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Hebrew Univer- sity of Jerusalem United Synagogue archives, LMA 294 Bibliography Periodicals The Jewish Chronicle (JC) (available at the British Library Newspaper Reading Room in Colindale, North London, and the JC website, Jewish Year Book (available at Mocatta Library, University College, London) The following periodicals are housed at the Central Zionist Archives, Jerusalem: Gates of Zion Jewish Monthly Jewish Observer Jewish Observer and Middle East Review Jewish Review Jewish Tribune L’Eylah News and Views [Agudas Israel Organization of Great Britain] Reports JEC [ Joint Emergency Committee for Jewish Religious Education], First Report, 1941. JNUL. JEC Report, ‘Jewish Education Today and Tomorrow, 1943.’ London, 1944. JNUL. JEC Report, ‘Jewish Education, 1944 and After.’ London, 1944. JNUL. JEC Report, ‘Jewish Education, 1945,’ London, 1945. JNUL. Kalms, S. A Time for Change: United Synagogue Review, London, 1992. Kosmin, B. The Structure and Demography of British Jewry in 1976, mimeograph, WZO, 1976, 6–7. JNUL; LMA. LBJRE Annual and Biennial Reports. LMA [United Synagogue...

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