The Dangerous Art of Biography
Notes Introduction 1 According to Jürgen Schlaeger, it is not equally dominant in all Western countries: he notes that biographical writing is culturally central in England but marginal in Germany. See Schlaeger, 63–65. 2 Schlaeger, 65. 3 See, for example, Glendinning, 49–62; Worthen, 227–244 and Carpenter, Humphrey, 274–275. 4 For a particularly shocking example of this, see McFeely, xii; for a more general discussion, see Mendelson, 9–26. 5 See, for example Clifford’s ‘Hanging Up Looking Glasses’, 45–46 and Davis, 17. 6 For a discussion of this inaccessibility (and some painful costs associated with it) see Mendelson, 22–26. 7 An uneasiness which can also be celebrated, as Richard Holmes does in ‘Biography: Inventing the Truth’, 15. 8 Lytton Strachey’s comments in Eminent Victorians are the most famous formulation of this (viii), but misgivings had already been raised by Thomas Carlyle in 1838 in ‘Memoirs of the Life of Sir Walter Scott’, 297, and in 1901 by Edmund Gosse in ‘The Custom of Biography’, 195–196. For concerns of some later commentators, see Dunn, 273; Hoberman, 203; Edel, ‘The Figure Under the Carpet’, 23; and Skidelsky, 8–9. 9 Cockshut, 11–12; Novarr, xiii–xiv and Siebenschuh. 10 Dunn, 193; Clifford, ix–x; Browning, 2; Novarr, 151. 11 See Blake, 75; Bradbury, 136; Cockshut, 11; Dunn, xi, 265; Edel, ‘The Figure Under the Carpet’, 19; Holroyd, 100–101; Homberger and Charmley, ‘Introduction’, ix; Kendall, 33; Mendelson, 21; Nadel, Biography, 1, 151–152; Novarr, ix...
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