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Spaces for Happiness in the Twentieth-Century German Novel

Mann, Kafka, Hesse, Jünger

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Alan Corkhill

This book offers an in-depth study of the rich tapestry of happiness discourses in well-known philosophical novels by Thomas Mann, Franz Kafka, Hermann Hesse and Ernst Jünger, published between 1922 and 1949. The study is prompted, in part, by an awareness that despite the interdisciplinarity of happiness research, Western literary scholarship has paid scant attention to fictionalized constructs of happiness. Each of the four chapters uses extended textual analysis to explore the sites in which happiness ( Glück) and serenity ( Heiterkeit) are sought, experienced, narrated, reflected upon and enacted. The author theorizes, with particular reference to Bachelard and Foucault, the interfaces between interior and exterior spaces and states of well-being. In addition to providing new interpretive perspectives on the canonical novels themselves, the book makes a significant contribution to a broader history of the idea of happiness through the appraisal of key intellectual cross-currents and traditions, both Western and Eastern, underpinning the novelists’ varied and nuanced conceptualizations and aesthetic representations of happiness.

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Index 197

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Index Adorno, Theodor W. 2, 5, 7, 107, 119, 134, 148 Dialektik der Aufklärung/Dialectic of Enlightenment 7, 148 “Ist die Kunst heiter”/“Is Art Cheerful?” 107 see also Horkheimer, Max Alain (Chartier, Émile A.) Propos sur le bonheur 156 American Declaration of Independence 11, 119 Andersch, Alfred 121 Apollinaire, Guillaume 75 Aristotle 2, 81, 119, 125, 139, 148, 160n Ashley-Cooper, Anthony [3rd Earl of Shaftesbury] 2 Bachelard, Gaston 47, 53, 54, 62, 67, 82, 92, 117, 118, 130, 140, 147, 152 The Poetics of Reverie 14, 37 The Poetics of Space 15, 77 Bacon, Francis 122, 135 Balzac, Honoré de 4 Baudelaire, Charles 27, 141 Beauvoir, Simone de 147 Benjamin, Walter 6, 30, 151, 161n, 165n, 171n Bentham, Jeremy 122 see also happiness and utilitarianism, Felicific calculus 122 Bergson, Henri 34–5, 113 Beyle, Marie-Henri [Stendhal] 2, 77 Bhagavad Gita 76 Bildung 5, 34, 48, 97, 110 see also education Bloch, Ernst 150, 156 Böll, Heinrich “Mein trauriges Gesicht”/“My Sad Face” 153 Brecht, Bertolt 7, 60 Aufstieg und Fall der Stadt Mahagonny/ Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny 7 Brod, Max 42, 56, 57, 64, 69, 70, 151, 170n Burckhardt, Jacob 109, 111, 113, 149 Weltgeschichtliche Betrachtungen/Force and Freedom: Ref lections on History 109 Campanella, Tomasso 122 La Città de sol/The City of the Sun 123 Camus, Albert 38, 44, 50, 72 Le mythe de Sisyphe/The Myth of Sisyphus 60, 61 Canetti, Elias 107–8 Collective Unconscious 107, 154 Confucianism 12, 69, 152...

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