Show Less

‘To Be Truly British We Must Be Anti-German’

New Zealand, Enemy Aliens and the Great War Experience, 1914-1919

Series:

Andrew Francis

This book is a study of the treatment of New Zealand’s German-speaking settlers during the course of the Great War. As with Britain’s other dominions, New Zealand’s German and Austro-Hungarian residents were subject to a raft of legislation which placed restrictions on their employment and activities, while those considered a danger to domestic security found themselves interned for the duration of the conflict. This book examines public, press and political responses to their presence, and describes how patriotic associations, trade organizations, xenophobic politicians and journalists undertook a vigorous anti-alien campaign resulting, in a number of instances, in anti-German riots.
Central to this book is an examination of the extent to which proimperial sentiment, concepts of citizenship and national identity, increasing European settlement and a progressively volatile European scene set the tone for the manner with which the dominion’s British settlers treated its enemy alien counterparts. Themes discussed include the public’s reaction to war; the government’s internment policy; the establishment of anti-German trade organizations; and the challenges facing Prime Minister William Massey, whose wish to remain fair and just towards enemy aliens often brought him into direct conflict with the more hostile anti-German elements within New Zealand society.

Prices

Show Summary Details
Restricted access

Index 293

Extract

Acts of Parliament, New Zealand Alien Enemy Teachers’ Act (1915) 12, 153, 170–4, 176, 232 Aliens Act (1866) 32 Aliens Act (1908) 107 Defence Amendment Act (1912) 147–8 Enemy Contracts Act (1915) 201, 210 Kauri Gum Industry Act (1898) 28, 32 Immigration Restriction Act (1899) 34 Industrial Conciliation and Arbitra- tion Act (1894) 35 Public Works Act (1870) 15 Registration of Aliens Act (1917) 104–5, 109 Revocation of Naturalization Act (1917) 104, 106, 107, 109, 253 Trading with the Enemy Act (1914) 198–9, 210 War Regulations Act (1914) 69, 71, 73, 80, 95, 159, 173, 199, 259 Advertising during the Great War 181, 185–90 Beecham’s Pills 189 Bovril 188–9 Daimler Wagon Company 196–7 Empire Oil Company 197 Hursthouse and Co. 188 Jaeger Company 197 Lipton’s Tea 190–1 Michelin Tyres 189 Nugget boot polish 188 Somerville, W. P. 189 Waterhouse, R. W. 185 Aitken, John 162, 169 Alexson, Carlo 89 Aliens Board Commission see also Alien Enemies Commission 11, 154, 169, 178 Alien Enemies Commission 87, 88, 131, 160, 161, 164–7 Alien Service Regulations 251 Allen, James 51, 80, 89, 151, 256 Closure of German and Austro-Hun- garian consulates 77 Establishes Jugoslav Labour Board 88 Motuihi prisoners 117, 127, 128–9, 137 Von Zedlitz debate 180 Andrews, E. F. 180 Anti-Asian sentiment 17–18, 30–1, 32, 34–5, 45, 262 Anti-German disturbances Australia 100–1, 248 Britain 65, 77, 97, 131, 248 Canada 234–5, 239, 241, 245, 248 New Zealand...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.