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Strategic Rebellion

Ethnic Conflict in FYR Macedonia and the Balkans


Pavlos Ioannis Koktsidis

Since the end of the Cold War, the consolidation of peace and security in south-eastern Europe has been one of the most complex and troublesome issues facing the international community. The sequence of conflicts in the Balkans has resulted in serious loss of life, economic collapse, and a number of controversial interventions, leading contemporary scholars to reconsider old perceptions about violent ethnic conflict. Drawing on a wealth of theoretical and empirical sources, this book tackles some of the prevailing questions on the root causes and management of ethnic conflict. Under what conditions do ethnic minorities become violent? How credible are the theories of «relative deprivation» and «greed» in explaining the outbreak of conflict? Is the use of coercive diplomacy a superior alternative to direct military forms of intervention? This book provides an analytical account of the socio-economic roots of ethnic conflict, the opportunities for violent mobilization and the success of strategic coercion in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and it also examines related developments in Kosovo and the Balkans.


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Abbreviations and Acronyms xi


ii SAP Socialist Autonomous Province / Socijalistička Autonomna Pokrajina SDSM Socijal-Demokratski Sojuz na Makedonija / Social Democratic Union of Macedonia SYR Socialist Yugoslav Republic / Socijalistička Republika Jugoslavija UCPMB / LAPMB Ushtria Çlirimtare e Preshevës, Medveg jës dhe Bujanocit / Liberation Army of Presevo, Medvedja and Bujanovac UDB / SSA Uprava Državne Bezbednosti / State Security Administration UNDP United Nations Development Programme UNMIK United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo UN – OHR United Nations Of fice of the Higher Representative in Bosnia-Herzogovina UNPREDEP United Nations Preventive Deployment UNPROFOR United Nations Protection Force USA (US) United States of America USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republics VMRO – DPMNE / Vnatrešna Makedonska Revolucionerna IMRO – DPMNU Organizacija – Demokratska Partija za Makedonsko Nacionalno Edinstvo / Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity VMRO – NP / Vnatrešna Makedonska Revolucionerna IMRO – PP Organizacija – Narodna Partija / Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – People’s Party

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