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Subcultures and New Religious Movements in Russia and East-Central Europe


Edited By George McKay, Christopher Williams, Michael Goddard and Neil Foxlee

The collapse of communism has opened up Russia and East-Central Europe to outside influences and enabled new lifestyle choices and forms of religious expression. Based on extensive ethnographic research, this collection uses a variety of theoretical perspectives and methodologies to examine some of the many subcultures and new religious movements that have emerged as part of this process, from members of utopian eco-communities, native-language hip-hoppers and nationalistic skinheads to various forms of Indian-inspired spirituality, neo-paganism and theosophy. Whether they reflect a growing sense of national or ethnic identity, the influence of globalization or a combination of the two, such groups highlight the challenge of creating a free, open and tolerant society in both Russia and new or prospective EU member states. The book seeks to contribute to academic and policy debates in this area by increasing understanding of the groups in question.
The studies in this collection present selected findings from the three-year EU-funded project ‘Society and Lifestyles: Towards Enhancing Social Harmonization through Knowledge of Subcultural Communities’ (2006-2008), which included partners from a wide range of post-communist countries in Eastern Europe and from the UK.


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Preface ix Egidija Ramanauskaitė Part 1: Subcultures Introduction (Post-)subculture Theory, and Practice in East-Central Europe 3 George McKay and Michael Goddard Chapter one From Local to Glocal: The Transformation of Delinquent and Radical Communities in the Tatarstan Republic of Russia 15 Alexander Salagaev, Alexander Shashkin, Alexander Makarov and Rustem Safin Chapter two Skinheads as Defenders of Russia? Power versus Friendship in Xenophobic Youth Subcultures 33 Elena Omel’chenko and Al’bina Garifzianova Chapter three Lithuanian Nationalist Skinhead Subculture: The Features of Identity 61 Tadas Kavolis Chapter four Hip-Hop in Rakvere: The Importance of the Local in Global Subculture 87 Maarja Kobin and Airi-Alina Allaste Chapter five Textually Constructing Identity and Otherness: Mediating the Romanian Hip-Hop Message 111 Isabela Merila and Michaela Praisler Chapter six On Linguistic Politics: The Stylistic Testimonies of Romanian Hip-Hop 125 Daniela Şorcaru and Floriana Popescu Chapter seven Lessons from a Lithuanian Hippie Paradise Glimpsed through a Keyhole 141 Egidija Ramanauskaitė and Rimas Vaišnys Chapter eight Euro-Indians in the Framework of Slovak Society 165 Radoslav Hlúšek Chapter nine The Formation of the Záježovŵá Community: Ideals and Reality in a Slovak Eco-Village 187 Martin Priečko Part 2: New Religious Movements Introduction New Religious Movements in Post-communist Russia and East-Central Europe – a Threat to Stability and National Identity? 211 Neil Foxlee and Christopher Williams Chapter ten The Fight for Religious Freedom and Pluralism in Post-communist Russia 227 Christopher Williams Chapter eleven Understanding Neo-paganism in Russia: Religion? Ideology? Philosophy? Fantasy? 253 Hilary Pilkington and Anton Popov...

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