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Music, Poetry, Propaganda

Constructing French Cultural Soundscapes at the BBC during the Second World War

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Claire Launchbury

Offering new perspectives on the role of broadcasting in the construction of cultural memory, this book analyses selected instances in relation to questions of French identity at the BBC during the Second World War. The influence of policy and ideology on the musical and the poetic is addressed by drawing on theoretical frameworks of the archive, memory, trauma and testimony. Case studies investigate cultural memories constructed through three contrasting soundscapes. The first focuses on the translation of ‘Frenchness’ to the BBC’s domestic audiences; the second examines the use of slogans on the margins of propaganda broadcasts. In the third, the implications of the marriage of poetry and music in the BBC’s 1945 premier of Francis Poulenc’s cantata setting of resistance poems by the surrealist poet Paul Éluard in Figure humaine are assessed. Concentrating on the role of the archive as both narrative source and theoretical frame, this study offers a new approach to the understanding of soundscapes and demonstrates the processes involved in the creation of sonic cultural memory in the context of global conflict.

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Bibliography of Primary Sources 171

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Bibliography of Primary Sources Archives Diplomatiques, Quai d’Orsay, Paris Guerre 1939–1945 Londres-Alger. 29 (Dec. 1940–July 1942): Presse française en Grande-Bretagne. 30 ( June 1940–March 1943): Émissions françaises de radio. 31 (1940–1942): Propagande. 32 (8 July 1940–3 Feb. 1944): Dossier general (Statut des Français en Grande-Bretagne etc.). 196 (5 Nov. 1941–6 July 1943): BBC; Informations. 423 (Aug. 1940–Sept. 1943): Dossier général (Organisation du service des oeuvres; oeuvres françaises dans divers pays). 424 ( June 1940–July 1943): Dossiers et associations française de Grande-Bretagne. 425 ( July 1940–April 1943): Amis des volontaires français (correspondance). 426 (Oct. 1940–April 1943): Amis des volontaires français (réunions). Guerre 1938–1945 Vichy. 40 Relations commerciales. Archives Nationales, Paris AJ15: Opéra National-RNTL. 1696: Jacques Rouché. AJ40: Documents allemands concernant l’Occupation française. 1015/1–3: Gruppe Rundfunk. 1016: Divers tracts allemands destines aux troupes anglaises et américaines. 172 Bibliography of Primary Sources F1a: Ministère de l’Intérieur/administration générale/Commissariat de l’Intérieur de Londres et Délégation à Londres du commissariat à l’Intérieur d’Alger/ Documentation provenant de la Section NM (non militaire du BCRA (Bureau central de renseignements et d’action) et du SCDD(Service courrier, documen- tation, dif fusion) du commissariat à l’Intérieur. 3723: Documentation et propagande/BBC, Reforme BBC, Emissions arabes, direc- tives de propagande, PID, Comité exécutive de propagande, documentation et radio, procès-verbal concerant ‘Honneur et Patrie’, Bir Hakeim, of fice français d’Editions, Darlan, P...

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