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Surrealism, History and Revolution

Simon Baker

This book is a new account of the surrealist movement in France between the two world wars. It examines the uses that surrealist artists and writers made of ideas and images associated with the French Revolution, describing a complex relationship between surrealism’s avant-garde revolt and its powerful sense of history and heritage. Focusing on both texts and images by key figures such as Louis Aragon, Georges Bataille, Jacques-André Boiffard, André Breton, Robert Desnos, Max Ernst, Max Morise, and Man Ray, this book situates surrealist material in the wider context of the literary and visual arts of the period through the theme of revolution. It raises important questions about the politics of representing French history, literary and political memorial spaces, monumental representations of the past and critical responses to them, imaginary portraiture and revolutionary spectatorship. The study shows that a full understanding of surrealism requires a detailed account of its attitude to revolution, and that understanding this surrealist concept of revolution means accounting for the complex historical imagination at its heart.

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Index 367

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367 Index (page numbers in italics refer to illustrations) Acéphale 335 Adamowicz, Elsa 182 Adereth, Max 333 Ades, Dawn 22, 189–90 Agulhon, Maurice 162–4, 170 Almeras, Henri d’ 252–3, 254, 255, 256, 270 Amalvi, Christian, 69 Ami du Peuple, L’ 71 Apollinaire, Guillaume 24, 125, 127, 136, 137, 242, 247–8, 256–71, 272, 274, 279, 280 Aragon, Louis 43, 45, 48, 108, 122, 123, 124–5, 129–30, 137, 142, 145, 148, 150, 153, 171, 176–7, 179, 181–2, 199, 208, 213, 220, 239, 245, 296, 307, 309, 311, 333, 334 Paris Peasant 23, 28, 113, 149, 170, 172, 175, 211, 297, Treatise on Style, 132, 147, Arasse, Daniel 304 Artaud, Antonin 145 Assiette au Beurre, L’ 82, 83, 84, 87, 88, 89 Atget, Eugène 36, 116, 117, 149, 198 Augé, Jean-Pierre 175 Aulard, Alphonse 70–2, 74–6, 82, 85–6, 93–7, 100 Babeuf, Gracchus 67, 101–3, 105, 145, 236 Baffier, Jean 156 Baker, Josephine 199 Bara, Joseph 94 Barnave, Joseph 69–70 Barras, Paul 256 Barre, chevalier de la 156, 160, 165 167, 185, 186, 198, 210, 218 Barrès, Maurice 125, 129, 134 Barruel, Abbé 69 Bartholdi, Frédéric Auguste 175, 190 Barthou, Louis 161 Bataille, Georges 21, 24, 32, 49, 56–7, 62–3, 76, 102, 105, 134, 190, 220, 231, 238, 241, 244–7, 249, 259–61, 263, 274, 282–3, 295, 304–5, 310, 312, 314–19, 325–6, 331, 333, 335, 337 Baudelaire,...

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