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Islam in the West

Iraqi Shi’i Communities in Transition and Dialogue


Kieran Flynn

This book studies the historical, religious and political concerns of the Iraqi Shi‘i community as interpreted by the members of that community who now live in the United Kingdom and Ireland, following the 2003-2010 war and occupation in Iraq. It opens up a creative space to explore dialogue between Islam and the West, looking at issues such as intra-Muslim conflict, Muslim-Christian relations, the changing face of Arab Islam and the experience of Iraq in the crossfire of violence and terrorism – all themes which are currently emerging in preaching and in discussion among Iraqi Shi‘a in exile. The book’s aim is to explore possibilities for dialogue with Iraqi Shi‘i communities who wish, in the midst of political, social and religious transition, to engage with elements of Christian theology such as pastoral and liberation theology.


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Appendix 1 The Annual Shi‘i Ritual Calendar of Celebrations and Remembrances


9 Rabi Al Awwal The celebration of the death of Umar ibn-e Sad, who led the Umayyad army against Hussein at Karbala. 10 Rabi Al Awwal The celebration of the marriage of the Prophet Muhammad with his first wife, Khadijah. 12 Rabi Al Awwal The celebration of Milad Al Nabi (The Prophet Muhammad’s birthday). 8 Rabi Al Sani The birth of the eleventh Imam, Hasan Askari, in 232/846. 14 Jumadi Al Awwal The death of the Prophet Muhammad’s daughter, Fatima, in 11/633. 15 Jumadi Al Awwal The birth of the fourth Imam, ‘Ali Zaynal-Abidin, in 37/657. 20 Jumadi Al Sani The birth of Fatima, in 615 ce. 26 Jumadi Al Sani The martyrdom of the tenth Imam, ‘Ali Naqi, in 254/868. 1 Rajab The birth of the fifth Imam, Muhammad Baqir, in 57/677. 10 Rajab The birth of the ninth Imam, Muhammad Taqi, in 195/811. 13 Rajab The birth of ‘Ali in 599 ce. 15 Rajab The martyrdom of the sixth Imam, Ja‘far Sadiq, in 148/765. 25 Rajab The martyrdom of the seventh Imam, Musa Kazi, in 183/799 27 Rajab The Miraj (Ascension of the Prophet Muhammad) in 612 ce. 1 Shaban The birth of Zaynab in 6/627. 3 Shaban The birth of Hussein in 4/627. 234 Appendix 1 15 Shaban The birth of the twelfth Imam, the Mahdi, in 255/869. 10 Ramadam The death of Khadijah in 619 ce. 15 Ramadam The birth of second Imam, Hasan, in 3/625. 19 Ramadam The fatal wounding of ‘Ali in 40/661....

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