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Totalitarian and Authoritarian Discourses

A Global and Timeless Phenomenon?

Edited By Lutgard Lams, Geert Crauwels and Henrieta Anisoara Serban

This volume offers a comparative analysis of the functioning of totalitarian and authoritarian discourses and their aftermath. Whereas other studies often focus on communist/post-communist examples and hence particularize totalitarian discourse, this book starts from a more encompassing theoretical perspective, transcending the limitation of totalitarian discourse to its communist constituent.
The case studies presented in this volume thus provide a more differentiated analysis of discursive strategies in totalitarian and authoritarian regimes across the globe, including the former East Germany, former Yugoslavia, Romania, Lithuania, China, North Korea, the Philippines, Burma, Cuba and Tunisia. In addition to this geographical range, these studies also undertake new research into different eras, enabling comparison between past and present discourses. The findings are presented in three interconnected sections dealing with culture and education, media and official discourse, and power structures and politics. The extended scope of the case studies reveals the universal characteristics of totalitarian/authoritarian discourses over space and time.

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Introduction 1 Henrieta Anișoara Șerban Theoretical Argument. Totalitarian Discourse: The New Snow White/Society in the Discursive Wooden Mirror 15 Part I Creation – Identity and Memories 39 Răzvan Victor Pantelimon Uses and Abuses of Che Guevara’s Myth in Political Cuban Discourse 41 Geert Crauwels The I and the Socialist Personality: The Questioning of an Ideological Concept in Post-GDR Literary Autobiographical Discourse 61 Arvi Sepp Totalitarianism and Performativity: The Redemptive Language of National Socialism in Nazi Poetry 99 Soonhee Fraysse-Kim Constructing Them and Us in North Korea 123 vi Part II Mass Communication and Of ficial Discourse 155 Jorge V. Tigno and Jean Encinas Franco The Language of Dictatorship in the Philippines: Marcos and Martial Law 157 Lutgard Lams Strategies of Symbolic Meaning Construction in Chinese Of ficial Discourse 185 Ivana Dobrivojević From Liberators to Villains: The Transformation of the Image of the Soviet Soldier in the Yugoslav Press (1945–1953) 217 Rūta Petrauskaitė The Pathos of the Soviet Press 235 Part III Power Structures – Politics and Truth 261 Ko Ko Thett The Myth of the Indispensability of the Military in Burmese Political Culture: Totalitarian Discourse in the State of Myanmar 263 Viorella Manolache Totalitarian Discourse and the Rule of ‘Anti-’ 293 vii Abdenbi Sarroukh Some Aspects of Totalitarian Discourse in Ben Ali’s Tunisia 313 Notes on Contributors 335 Index 341

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