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Cross-National Comparisons of Social Movement Unionism

Diversities of Labour Movement Revitalization in Japan, Korea and the United States

Series:

Akira Suzuki

For the past two decades efforts to halt the decline in union numbers and revitalize the labour movement have largely resided in social movement unionism (SMU). In the first English-language book to compare SMU in Japan, Korea and the United States, scholars from the three countries examine its emergence as a response to neoliberal globalization. Cross-National Comparisons of Social Movement Unionism moves beyond previous studies of SMU and union revitalization which have focussed on the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom and Australia. The eleven chapters offer empirical and theoretical analyses of the impact of SMU on existing labour movements, and explain the mediating factors that account for the diversity of SMU across national boundaries, arguing that its forms and activities are mediated by different institutional, political and economic contexts.

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Table A.1 Employment by Sector: Japan, Korea and the United States (unit: %) Japan 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Industry (excluding Construction) 25 26 25 23 21 19 17 Construction 9 9 9 10 10 9 8 Service 54 56 59 61 64 68 71 Others 17 9 7 6 5 4 4 Korea 2000 2005 2010 Industry (excluding Construction) 21 18 17 Construction 7 8 7 Service 61 65 68 Others 11 9 8 United States 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Industry (excluding Construction) 23 19 17 16 15 12 11 Construction 6 7 7 6 7 8 7 Service 66 71 73 75 76 79 81 Others 5 3 3 3 2 1 1 Source: OECD StatExtract (http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=UN_DEN). As of 21 December 2011. 326 Appendix Figure A.1 Percentage of Industrial Employees (excluding Construction): Japan, Korea and the United States, 1980–2010 Figure A.2 Percentage of Service Sector Employees: Japan, Korea and the United States, 1980–2010 Source: OECD StatExtract (http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=UN_DEN). As of 20 December 2011. Appendix 327 Table A.2 Annual Growth in GDP: Japan, Korea and the United States, 1980–2010 (unit: %) Year Japan Korea U.S. 1980 2.8 -1.9 -0.3 1981 4.2 7.4 2.5 1982 3.4 8.3 -2.0 1983 3.1 12.2 4.5 1984 4.5 9.9 7.2 1985 6.3 7.5 4.1 1986 2.8 12.2 3.4 1987 4.1 12.3 3.2 1988 7.1 11.7 4.1 1989 5.4 6.8 3.6 1990 5.6 9.3 1.9 1991 3.3 9.7 -0.3 1992...

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