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Monumentality and Modernity in Hitler’s Berlin

The North-South Axis of the Greater Berlin Plan

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Hsiu-Ling Kuo

The contentious relationship between modernism and totalitarianism is a key element in the architectural history of the twentieth century. Post-war historiography refused to admit any overlap between the high modernism of the 1920s and the architecture of National Socialism, as it contradicted the definition of modernism as the essential architectural expression of liberal democracy. However, National Socialist architectural history cannot be fully explored without the broader historical context of modernity. Similarly, a true understanding of modernism in architecture must acknowledge its authoritarian aspects.
This book clarifies the architectural discourse in which the Greater Berlin Project of the Third Reich was produced. The association of monumentality with National Socialist architecture in the 1930s created a polarization between the classical tradition and radical modernism that provoked vigorous and acrimonious debate that lasted into the 1980s. In the attempt to reconcile the paradoxical and competing aspirations for monumentality and historicity on one hand, and for technological advance on the other, the planning of Berlin is shown to reflect the wider paradoxes of National Socialist ideology.

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Appendix List of Projects and Architects on the North-South Axis

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Appendix List of Projects and Architects on the North–South Axis1 The East Side of the Axis Pumpenhaus (Stadt) Turmbauten Oberkommando der Marine (Bonatz/Dübbers) Bürobau OKW Bürobau Reichsführung, SS Museumsinsel: Ostasiatisches Museum (Kreis), Ägyptisches Museum (Kreis), Germa- nisches Museum (Kreis), Museum d. XIX. Jahrhunderts (Urlichs), Völkerkunde- Museum (Dustmann), Weltkriegs-Museum (Kreis) Ministerium Dr. Todt (GBI Deutsches Straßenwesen) (Tamms) I. G. Farben-Industrie (Emmerich) Brandenburger Tor (Dammeier) Reichsmarschallamt (Speer) Thüringenhaus (Giesler) Allianz am Runden Platz (Wach und Rosskotten) Brunnen des Rundplatzes (Breker) Kameradschaftsh. D. D. Künstl.(Dierksmeier und Flehr) Haus des Bieres (Freese) Haus des Weins (Freese) Henkelwerke (Petersen) Reichsbahnzentralamt Hermann Göring Werke (Rimpl) 1 Bundesarchiv, KS3575 (2) (8 September 1941). 236 Appendix Kino am Propaganda-Ministerium Propaganda-Ministerium Justiz-Ministerium Auswärtiges Amt Philharmonie Innen-Ministerium Reichsoper Erziehungs-Ministerium Schauspielhaus (Propag. Min., 3000 Personen) Ernährungs-Ministerium Reichsfinanz-Ministerium (Weygandt) Großkino (Propag. Minist.) (Klaje) 6000 Personen Arbeits-Ministerium (Tamms) Ingenieur-Haus (Tamms) Reserviert NSDAP Haus der Nationen (Klaje) Triumphbogen (Speer) Flughafen (Sagebiel) Varieté-Theater (Propag. Min.) (Pinnau/Schmidt) 4000 Personen Restaurant (Pinnau) N. S. V. (Pinnau) Einheitshotel (Pinnau) Südbahnhof (Speer/Rimpl) Hotel/Südbahnhof (Rimpl) 2500–3000 Betten Post-Zentralamt (Werner) Städtische Baugewerkschule Reichsversicherungsanstalt (Richle, Model presented on 17.11.38) Reichszollschule Südstadtsportfeld Südf luchthafen The West Side of the Axis Nordbahnhof (Dierksmeier) Rathaus (Bestelmeyer-Ermisch) List of Projects and Architects on the North–South Axis 237 Moabiter Block d. Wehrmacht Polizei-Präsidium (Bonatz/Dübbers) Kaf fee Zellengefängnis Moabit Zirkus Busch (Roth) Große Halle (Speer) Reichstag (Speer-Brinkmann) F.-Bau (Speer) Reichskanzlei (Speer) Oberkommando...

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