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English and German Nationalist and Anti-Semitic Discourse, 1871-1945

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Edited By Geraldine Horan, Felicity Rash and Daniel Wildman

This volume contains selected papers from an international conference of the same name held at Queen Mary, University of London, on 10-11 November 2010. The contributions from scholars working in the fields of modern political and cultural history, political science, modern European literature and linguistics provide interdisciplinary perspectives on nationalism and anti-Semitism in English- and German- language contexts from the beginning of the German Second Reich (1871) to the end of World War II (1945). Some articles examine critically theoretical constructs used to justify and defend anti-Semitism in Germany, focusing on the realms of science, music, the press and film. Others discuss the role of anti-Semitism in constructing völkisch-nationalist notions of ‘German’ identity, as well as discourses of German colonialism. As a counterpart to German perspectives, several articles chart contemporary British reactions to German anti-Semitism and radical nationalism.

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Stephanie Seul British Press Coverage of German Anti-Semitism in the Early Weimar Republic, 1918-

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Stephanie Seul British Press Coverage of German Anti-Semitism in the Early Weimar Republic, 1918–1923 Introduction After World War I, a wave of anti-Semitism swept over Germany.1 The military defeat had deeply shocked and humiliated the German people. Inf lation and unemployment added to a general feeling of despair. In this atmosphere the anti-Semitic ideology disseminated by countless reaction- ary and völkisch groups fell on fertile soil. They accused the Jews of being responsible for the loss of the war and for Germany’s economic plight and political upheaval. Because of the prominent role played by Jews in the revolution and the foundation of the Weimar Republic, the reaction- aries fanatically defamed the latter as a ‘Jewish republic’. Between 1919 and 1922 numerous Jewish politicians were murdered, among them Rosa Luxemburg, Kurt Eisner, Gustav Landauer, Hugo Haase, Karl Gareis and 1 Important studies of German anti-Semitism in the Weimar Republic are W. E. Mosse and A. Paucker (eds), Deutsches Judentum in Krieg und Revolution 1916–1923. Ein Sammelband (Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck, 1971); W. Jochmann, Gesellschaftskrise und Judenfeindschaft in Deutschland 1870–1945 (Hamburg: Hans Christians Verlag, 1988); H. A. Winkler, ‘Die deutsche Gesellschaft der Weimarer Republik und der Antisemitismus – Juden als “Blitzableiter” ’, in W. Benz and W. Bergmann (eds), Vorurteil und Völkermord. Entwicklungslinien des Antisemitismus (Freiburg: Herder, 1997), 341–362; D. Walter, Antisemitische Kriminalität und Gewalt. Judenfeindschaft in der Weimarer Republik (Bonn: Dietz, 1999); C. Hecht, Deutsche Juden und Antisemitismus in der Weimarer Republik (Bonn: Dietz, 2003), esp....

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