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Sense and Sensitivity

Difference and Diversity in Higher Education Classrooms

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Edited By Elisabeth Lillie

This edited volume examines aspects of teaching and learning in situations where community or ethnic division may impact negatively on classroom experience and behaviour in tertiary education. The book considers cases from four locations where marked divisions in the wider society exert a continuing influence on the student body: Northern Ireland, England, France and the United States of America. All of these countries share certain underlying principles of governance and freedom as well as historical interconnections, but have within them particular groups characterized by various levels of separation and distrust. The sociohistorical context relevant to each case is outlined, followed by a discussion of the attitudes, opinions and reactions of the learners concerned. The volume concludes with a consideration of pedagogical approaches that may help to bridge difference and foster a more positive atmosphere. Although this study focuses on particular community environments, the techniques highlighted by contributors may be useful in any classroom setting where a heterogeneous mix of individuals has the potential to lead to dissension and conflict.

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access, higher education African Americans 128, 129–130, 131–135, 136, 137–138, 143–144, 145, 146, 153, 154 American Indians 128, 129, 136, 143, 144–145 Asian Americans 128, 143, 144 equal access, United Kingdom 60 expansion 131–132, 133, 142–145 Hispanic Americans 128, 137, 143, 144, 145, 150–151 legal cases 134–135, 137–139 legislation 137, 151 Northern Ireland 20 socio-economic situation 145, 146– 147, 150 white Americans 131, 137–138, 139, 143, 144 access, schooling (Ireland) 9–10 admissions, higher education Northern Ireland 20 United States 131, 137, 138, 141–142 af firmative action 135–139, 141, 232 Africans Black Africans, United Kingdom population 64 discriminatory experience, France 98, 116 students 66–67, 70, 71, 72, 73, 115 see also colonialism, colonial sandwich African Americans category in students of colour 174 college success 132, 143–144 discriminatory practice, southern states 133 diversity topics 177 equality of services 132 inclusive curriculum 233–234 initiative education all levels 152 prejudice 165 socio-economic situation 177 see also access, higher education, African Americans; school systems, high school completion rates, United States alterity 61, 69, 71, 73, 74, 75, 81 American Civil War 127, 129, 130, 131 American Indians 127, 128, 129, 151–152, 153–154 see also access, higher education, American Indians; school systems, high school completion rates, United States American Recovery and Re-investment Act (2009) 148 American Revolution 9 Amherst College 129 Arab populations classroom behaviour 105 cultural attitudes, male students 111 dual identity 100 Hortefeux incident 114...

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