Edited By Izabela Krasnicka and Magdalena Perkowska
We gathered articles concerning not only many European countries but also the United States and a special contribution is made to the system in California (USA). Each part is a unique guide through internal regulations leading to different legal professions. The articles present the academic education system in the field of law and also special requirements and professional exams giving the right/permission to perform legal professions. The reader will see the differences and similarities especially in the European systems of the presented countries.
CLAUDIA SCHLÜTER - HOW TO BECOME A LAWYER IN GERMANY 41
How to become a lawyer in Germany Claudia SCHLÜTER Legal education in Germany has always been subject to strong discus- sions18 especially with regard to the Bologna process.19 Traditional legal education in Germany is provided by Universities whereas the final examination is offered by the ministry of justice, that is to say, by the state. Thus regarding the traditional education there has been no University degree for law students. This system has slightly changed since 2003 when a compulsory University examination was intro- duced20. But like a single swallow does not make a summer this re- form was only a very little step towards the Bologna process. Many concepts have been discussed in order to implement the Bologna sys- tem into legal education – and, in some respect, it worked out as one can see below. Law studies at University The traditional legal education starts with at least eight semesters of law studies at University.21 Students are obliged to take exams in the main fields of law: civil law, criminal law, constitutional law, admin- istrative law and procedural law. All subjects are taught with reference 18 Verhandlungen des 25. Deutschen Juristentages 1900/1901, pp. 89–117, 223– 234. 19 Pfeiffer, NJW 2005, 2281–2283; Jeep, NJW 2005, pp. 2283–2286; BVerfGE, NVwZ-RR 2008, S. 33f. 20 Gesetz zur Reform der Juristenausbildung vom 11.07.2002, BGBl. I p. 2592. 21 § 5 a I Deutsches Richtergesetz , 04.12.2012. 42 Claudia SCHLÜTER to European law. In addition to that, students take courses in law and...
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