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How To Become A Lawyer?


Edited By Izabela Krasnicka and Magdalena Perkowska

The present publication collects the contributions of the colloquium «How to Become a Lawyer in Europe», which took place on June 4, 2010 in Andorra la Vella – within the frame-work of the 15th annual meeting of the representatives of the Network of European Universities in Legal Studies.
We gathered articles concerning not only many European countries but also the United States and a special contribution is made to the system in California (USA). Each part is a unique guide through internal regulations leading to different legal professions. The articles present the academic education system in the field of law and also special requirements and professional exams giving the right/permission to perform legal professions. The reader will see the differences and similarities especially in the European systems of the presented countries.


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How to become a lawyer in Italy Gianmaria AJANI Legal Education To be qualified as lawyer (avvocato) in Italy, the law sets three main requirements: 1. To be holder of a law degree (laurea magistrale in Giurisprudenza); 2. To have practiced as an intern with a law firm for at least 18 months; 3. To have passed with success the Bar exam. The law degree is delivered by a Law School (Dipartimento di Giurisprudenza), an academic institution (either public or private) recognised by the Ministry of Higher Education, after having attended 5 years of University training. The law degree is delivered to students having accomplished a curriculum composed of 30 exams, for a total of 300 credits (60 credits per year), and having defended a thesis be- fore a panel of professors from his/her Department. Unlike most part of University Departments, Law Departments in Italy have abandoned the Bologna framework, the so called “3 + 2” scheme. The laurea magistrale in giurisprudenza, therefore, repre- sents the only degree that is taken by students interested in becoming lawyers. Quite similarly to what happens in continental Europe, Italian Law Schools do not train only students interested in the legal practice. On average, less than 30% of all graduated per year do apply, later on, for the Bar exam. A minimal number of graduates opts for other fo- rensic careers, like the Judiciary and the Notariat. 54 Gianmaria AJANI A large amount of graduates spends the degree in law in other, more or...

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