English Utopian Fictions, 1516–1800
Chapter II The Margins of Utopia
In the early modern period, the utopian frame evolved from the dialogic structure of More’s Utopia, through the simplified monologised pedagogical dialogue of Siuqila, Listra, Civitas Solis, or Macaria, fictional travel nar- rative of New Atlantis, A Voyage to Tartary, or Gerania, to romance (Nova Solyma) and the proto-novel of the life and adventures type (Gaudentio di Lucca, Peter Wilkins, David Lowellin, etc.). Nevertheless, regardless of the actual form of the frame, its principal functions usually follow the model established by More: defining the expressed aims of the text (didactic, enter- taining, or, in most cases, a combination of the two), introducing initial verisimilitude, and transporting the first-person narrator from Europe to the utopian land across a spatial and, later, also temporal boundary. Utopian frames and paratexts The titles of most utopias tend to imitate those of authentic travel accounts and reports from distant lands, stressing their documentary, as opposed to fictional, character, e.g.: The Man in the Moone: or a Discourse of a Voyage thither; Gerania: A New Discovery of a Little Sort of People Anciently Discoursed of, Called Pygmies. With a lively Desription Of their Stature, Habt, Manners, Buildings, Knowledge, and Government; A Voyage to the World in the Centre of the Earth; A Trip to the Moon. Containing an Account of the Island of Noibla. Its Inhabitants, Religious, and Political Customs, &c; A Voyage to Cacklogallinia with a Description of the Religion, Policy, Customs and Manners of that Country; The Voyages, Travels, And Wonderful 72 Chapter II...
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