Revisitations in Modern and Contemporary Creative Media
Iván Pérez Daniel Mirages of a Second Revolution
Iván Pérez Daniel (translated by Debra Nagao) Mirages of a Second Revolution: Mexican Writers and Socialist Realism (The Case of the Magazine Ruta, 1933–1935) There seems to be a fairly widespread consensus among historians of Mexican art and literature that nationalism served as the ideological power base of the factions that were victorious in the armed revolutionary strug- gle. The new state that emerged as the product of the Mexican Revolution promptly took charge of equipping itself with an artistic and cultural dis- course that would symbolically support changes undertaken on political and social levels. Therefore, as numerous scholars have already demonstrated, a close relationship was very soon established between the political sphere and artistic production.1 Stemming from the impetus the state gave to cul- ture, two consequences arose that marked the production and reception of works of art (including literature) in the following decades. First, from the outset the Revolution was conceived and presented as the culmina- tion of a historical narrative in which Mexico’s national essence became fully realized. From the first years of the 1920s, the Revolution served on an ideological level as the reference point from which to define Mexican nationality. Decades later and even today the Revolution is regarded as the event that marked Mexico’s entrance into modernity and as the dis- tinctive feature of its national identity.2 The second consequence, closely related to the first, directly af fected artists, writers, and intellectuals: once the Revolution was established as the central nucleus...
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