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Poetry, Politics and Pictures

Culture and Identity in Europe, 1840–1914


Edited By Ingrid Hanson, Jack Rhoden and Erin Snyder

This collection offers new perspectives on the connections between politics, identity and representation in art and poetry in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Britain and Europe. Contributions explore questions such as the following: what was the effect of the reciprocity of political, religious and artistic influence in nineteenth-century Britain and Europe? How were key political moments or movements influenced by or influential on literary and artistic form? How did the styles and forms of the past shape the political expressions of the nineteenth-century present? By what means did politically inflected art and literature shape the emerging construction of national, class or religious identities in the nineteenth century?
Ranging across not only Britain but also France, Germany, Belgium, Finland, Spain and Italy, the essays draw on different discourses and art forms. They all utilise concepts of cultural materialism to shape an understanding of the contingent relationships between national and international public discourse and identity, political change and cultural production as well as the reproduction, translation, influence and dissemination of both politics and culture in art and literature.


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List of Illustrations ix Acknowledgements xiii Ingrid Hanson, Wilfred Jack Rhoden and Erin Snyder Introduction 1 I Identity and the Politics of Aesthetics 17 Jan Dirk Baetens Form, Reform and Reformation: The Politics of Pre-Rubenism 19 Debbie Bark Poetry of Social Conscience, Poetry of Transition: Ann Hawkshaw’s ‘Introductory Stanzas’ and ‘The Mother to her Starving Child’ 45 Eric Storm Crushed between Gauguin and Picasso: Ignacio Zuloaga’s Depictions of Spain and the Politics of Nationalism 67 vi II Images and National Identity 91 Timothy Baycroft Images of France and the French: Political Identities in the Nineteenth Century 93 Wilfred Jack Rhoden The Paradoxes of Republican Masculinity: French Political Caricature, 1866–1870 119 Charlotte Ashby The Kalevala: Imagining the Finnish Past, Envisioning the Finnish Future 151 Joan Allen ‘God’s alchemy’: Interrogating National Identity in the Life and Writings of John Boyle O’Reilly (1844–1890) 181 III Writing Radical Politics 205 Michael Perraudin Georg Weerth’s The Flower Festival of the English Workers and Other Sketches from Britain: Proletarians and Heroes 207 Ingrid Hanson Socialist Identity and the Poetry of European Revolution in Commonweal, 1885–1890 225 vii Gregorio Alonso ‘Not so faithful nations’: The Second Reformation and Religious Persecution in Catholic Europe 247 Eleonora Sasso ‘Reverberant echoes – Love and Change and Fate’: W. M. Rossetti’s Democratic Sonnets and European Heroic Poetry 269 Ingrid Hanson and Wilfred Jack Rhoden Afterword 289 Notes on Contributors 295 Index 299

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