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Trafalgar Square and the Narration of Britishness, 1900-2012

Imagining the Nation


Shanti Sumartojo

London’s Trafalgar Square is one of the world’s best known public places, and during its relatively short history has seen violent protest, imperial and royal spectacle and wild national celebration. This book draws together scholarship on national identity, cultural geography, and the histories of Britain and London to ask what role the Square has played in narrating British national identity through its many uses. The author focuses on a series of examples to draw out her arguments, ranging from the Suffragettes’ use of the site in the early twentieth century to the Fourth Plinth contemporary art scheme in the early twenty-first. The book explores how different users of the Square have understood national identity, and how the site itself has shaped this narrative through its built elements and history of use. Ultimately, Trafalgar Square and the Narration of Britishness, 1900-2012 uses the Square to explore the processes by which urban public place can help to construct, maintain or transform national identity.


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List of Illustrations


1 Statue of General Sir Henry Havelock in the Square’s southeast corner. Photo: author’s own. 2 Statue of General Sir Charles Napier in the Square’s southwest corner. Photo: author’s own. 3 Emmeline Pankhurst invites the crowd in Trafalgar Square to ‘rush the House of Commons’, 1908. Photo: Getty Images. 4 Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps recruits new members during the First World War. Photo: Imperial War Museum. 5 Trafalgar Square bombed, 1940. Photo: Keystone/Getty Images. 6 A sailor and two companions tidy up after a night spent in Trafalgar Square, 1945. Photo: Mirrorpix. 7 Spectators climb one of the Square’s lions during the funeral of George VI, 1952. Photo: Henri Cartier-Bresson/Magnum. 8 Protesters re-enact the Sharpeville Massacre in Trafalgar Square, 1970. Photo: Roger Jackson/Getty Images.

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