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The Challenge of Non-Territorial Autonomy

Theory and Practice

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Edited By Ephraim Nimni, Alexander Osipov and David Smith

This book explores and evaluates non-territorial autonomy (NTA), an important modality of ethnic and religious diversity management. Whereas multicultural liberal democracies sincerely champion equality and individual human rights, they often have considerable difficulty in accommodating culturally diverse minority communities. In most cases, minority communities do not reside within a compact space, making any territorial representation impossible. This brings into focus modalities of NTA as a possible alternative approach. NTA takes a variety of different forms, such as consociationalism or national cultural autonomy, and also encompasses other forms of representation, such as frameworks for accommodating indigenous peoples, juridical autonomy extended to religious communities, or elements of some models of multiculturalism. Using both theoretical and empirical approaches, and also including the work of legal practitioners, the essays within this volume examine the challenges and possible solutions offered by different NTA models for the effective participation of minorities in public life, addressing issues such as the limits and/or possibilities of implementing NTA models in liberal democracies, the extent to which NTA approaches can serve the goals of European integration and the European minority protection framework, and the possible role of NTA in resolving protracted territorial conflicts.

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Cengiz Güneş Accommodating Kurdish National Demands in Turkey

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Cengiz Gunes Accommodating Kurdish National Demands in Turkey In their various guises, Kurdish nationalism and political activism have been significant aspects of Turkish politics since the proclamation of the Republic in 1923. In the past fifty years, this challenge has taken a more formidable and organized form, and in the 1980s and 1990s, it manifested itself in the form of an armed conf lict between the Turkish Army and the guerrillas of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan, PKK). The conf lict antagonized the relations between the state and the Kurds and led to the mass mobilization of a significant number of the Kurds. Following the capture and imprisonment of the PKK’s leader Abdullah Öcalan in February 1999, it entered and remained throughout the 2000s at a new stage characterized by conf lict management. In comparison to the 1980s and 1990s, the 2000s have witnessed sig- nificantly less armed violence, and while we are far from achieving a con- sensus on a political settlement to end the conf lict, this period was a time of ref lection and search. During the past decade, we have witnessed minor shifts and changes in Turkey’s Kurdish policy that can be seen as partial responses to Kurdish demands; however, such ‘attempts’ have been marred by various dif ficulties and so far have not led to a more comprehensive pro- cess of conf lict resolution. Moreover, a broad-based attempt to construct the much needed national consensus on what should be the status of...

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