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Hospitals and Communities, 1100-1960

Christopher Bonfield, Jonathan Reinarz and Teresa Huguet-Termes

Published by Peter Lang in 2007, The Impact of Hospitals 300-2000 (ed. Henderson, Horden and Pastore) comprised a selection of the papers delivered at two conferences (in 1999 and 2001) that were organised by the International Network for the History of Hospitals (INHH). The present volume, based on the Network’s 2009 Barcelona conference, offers a new, wide-ranging collection of papers on the theme of ‘Hospitals and Communities’. It discusses a select group of hospitals and communities, including those based in Europe and the Americas, from three main perspectives: isolation and disease, communities and the poor, and war and hospitals.
The subject of community has been researched extensively by sociologists and anthropologists, less so by historians. The 2009 conference challenged participants to consider the idea of community in relationship to the hospital and, particularly, to reflect on how historians should approach the wide range of communities that continue to be shaped by the work of these institutions. Collectively, the case studies in this volume demonstrate that navigation of the history of hospitals requires an understanding of the societies in which these institutions operated. In other words, hospital histories are not just stories about medical institutions; they offer considerable insight into the communities in which they were situated and with which they intersected.

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Abel-Smith, Brian 240 abolition, of slavery (1808) 293 Abreu, Laurinda 6, 16 accidents 120 Acre, Palestine 15 admission, hospital 28–9, 35, 36, 38, 60, 72, 90, 140, 201, 223, 225, 226, 227, 229, 230, 231, 232, 256, 267, 317, 341 advocacy 99 Africa 101 agency, of patients 107 Aikenhead, Mary 256 airs see miasma Alabama 293, 311, 317 alastrim 97, 114, 116 Alexander II Tsar 365 Alexandra, Empress 368, 378, 381, 383 Alexandra Fedorovna, Tsaritsa 382 almshouses 173, 176, 298, 366 Alphonse V, the Magnanimous 155, 164 ambulances 332, 333, 335, 336, 337, 338, 339, 349, 350, 356, 357 America 291–323; economy 307 American Civil War 291, 323 American Sisters of Mercy 284, 285, 287 anatomical theatres 11 anatomy 298, 300 Anglicanism 243 n16, 381 anti-psychiatry movement 8 antisepsis 254 apothecaries 33, 36, 179, 216, 396 apprentices 302 Aragon, Crown of 166 architecture 49, 50, 67–8, 161, 169, 179, 222, 305, 307, 398–9, 404, 410 archives, hospital 22, 84, 133, 184, 243, 244, 390, 400 Arkansas 311 Arrizabalaga, Jon 11, 16 Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 390, 391 n3, 390, 399, 400, 409 Asquith, Herbert Henry 381 asthma 249 asylums 245; Cocorite, Trinidad 265, 266, 267, 272, 273, 274, 288; leper 265 Augusta, Georgia 300, 301 austerity 5 Austria 363, 377, 381 authorities (civic) 22, 25, 47, 48, 56, 58, 61, 73 Avignon 159 bacteriology 113 Ball, Charles 313 Baltimore, Maryland 309 Barbados 114 barbers 59, 378 Barcelona 5, 11, 15, 155–81 bathing 102,...

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