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Hospital Life

Theory and Practice from the Medieval to the Modern

Edited By Laurinda Abreu and Sally Sheard

This edited volume originates in the 2011 conference of the International Network for the History of Hospitals, held in Lisbon and Évora, Portugal. It focuses on how institutions for the care and cure of the sick have organised their activities at every level, from the delegation of medical treatments between groups of practitioners, to the provision of food and supplies and the impact of convalescence on lengths of hospital stays. It draws on new European and North American research which highlights an area of medical history that has not yet had adequate, sustained attention, discussing the tensions between theory and practice and between patients and practitioners. Through detailed case studies and comparative analyses it explores the changing and evolving understanding of the function of hospitals, and their wider relationships with their communities.

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List of Figures vii List of Tables ix Notes on Contributors xi Acknowledgements xvii Laurinda Abreu and Sally Sheard Introduction 1 Christopher Bonfield Therapeutic Regimes for Bodily Health in Medieval English Hospitals 21 Fritz Dross Their Daily Bread: Managing Hospital Finances in Early Modern Germany 49 Sharon T. Strocchia Caring for the ‘Incurable’ in Renaissance Pox Hospitals 67 Jon Arrizabalaga Medical Theory and Surgical Practice: Coping with the French Disease in Early Renaissance Portugal and Spain 93 vi Laurinda Abreu Training Health Professionals at the Hospital de Todos os Santos (Lisbon) 1500–1800 119 Elisabeth Belmas Patient Care at the Hôtel Royal des Invalides, Paris, 1670–1791 139 Anne Løkke Conspicuous Consumption: The Royal Lying-in Hospital in Copenhagen in the late Eighteenth Century 157 John Chircop Management and Therapeutic Regimes in Two Lunatic Asylums in Corfu and Malta, 1837–1870 179 Andrea Tanner and Sue Hawkins Myth, Marketing and Medicine: Life in British Children’s Hospitals 1850–1914 209 Stephen C. Kenny Slavery, Southern Medicine and the American Slave Hospital Regime, 1830–1860 237 David Theodore ‘The Fattest Possible Nurse’: Architecture, Computers, and Post-war Nursing 273 Sally Sheard Getting Better, Faster: Convalescence and Length of Stay in British and US Hospitals 299 Index 331

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