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Hospital Life

Theory and Practice from the Medieval to the Modern

Laurinda Abreu and Sally Sheard

This edited volume originates in the 2011 conference of the International Network for the History of Hospitals, held in Lisbon and Évora, Portugal. It focuses on how institutions for the care and cure of the sick have organised their activities at every level, from the delegation of medical treatments between groups of practitioners, to the provision of food and supplies and the impact of convalescence on lengths of hospital stays. It draws on new European and North American research which highlights an area of medical history that has not yet had adequate, sustained attention, discussing the tensions between theory and practice and between patients and practitioners. Through detailed case studies and comparative analyses it explores the changing and evolving understanding of the function of hospitals, and their wider relationships with their communities.

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Alexander I, Pope 96 almoners 224, 313–314 alms 70, 74, 76 almsgiving 52, 65 almshouses 27–29, 46 almsmen 31 anatomy teaching 127, 133, 250, 255 Archbishop of Cologne 63 Augusta, Georgia USA 252–253 Avicenna 110 beggars 70, 97, 14, 186 see also poverty Bezarra, Manuel 131 bleeders 128–130, 135 British colonial authority 185 Buckingham, Duke of 45 Campbell, Henry and Robert 237, 250–252, 258–268 Carroll, Robert 259 charities 182, 187, 199, 202, 209, 234, 311 charity authorities 181, 191, 193, 198, 199, 201, 203, 206 charity hospitals 250 Chauliac, Guy de 110, 127 Chester, T.E. 15, 322–323 childbirth 27, 157–177 children’s hospitals 209–215, 221–222, 224, 232, 235 sick children 210, 211, 225–226 sick poor children 209, 213 china root 114, 116 Chirino, Alonso 110 chronic illness 223, 233 clinical research 267, 305–310 Coimbra University 123, 124, 125, 128, 129, 136, 137 Compagnia del Divino Amore 99 computers 273, 295 contagion 69, 81, 90, 93, 101, 112, 167 convalescence 15–16, 223, 261, 299–300, 302–309, 311–315, 317–324, 328–329 homes 223, 300, 301, 312, 313, 314, 315, 316, 323 hospitals 91, 302, 311, 312, 313, 314, 329 Corfu 179, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 190, 191, 194, 199, 201, 202, 203, 204 corrodies 54–55 Cosimo I de Medici, Duke 87 Council of Trent 7, 82 Council of Vienne 6, 96 cybernetices 285–286 D’Albano, Pietro 110 Damascenus, Joannes 110 day hospitals 327 diagnoses 224...

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