Confronting Changes in a Challenging World
The book’s title reflects the desire to extend the debate in new directions and to assemble a fresh set of models and tools for thinking about resilient universities. Bringing together a range of experts in the field, this collection marks a novel departure within the social sciences and is intended to act as a first step towards establishing a holistic approach to future university governance and adaptation.
Today’s European universities are confronted by profound changes. This book constitutes an accessibly written, polemical and bold exploration of how current crises facing higher education institutions could be more effectively addressed by institutional resilience and new forms of adaptive, future oriented governance.
Jouni Kekäle Megatrends Affecting Resilient Universities in Europe
Jouni Kekäle 4 Megatrends Af fecting Resilient Universities in Europe On the Changing Operational Environment of Higher Education It can be claimed that the operational environment for universities in Europe is fundamentally changing. In this chapter, I shall provide statis- tics on some key trends af fecting the financial base of society and publicly funded higher education. We shall consider especially potential student intake and enrolment; societal and student expectations of higher educa- tion; and the new possibilities these changes bring with them. The examples to be used are taken from the situation in the European higher education sector in 2012/2013. First there are major changes in demography: the proportion of young age groups entering the age of university enrolment is diminishing while the older age groups are set to increase and will constitute a larger part of the age pyramid in relative terms. Secondly, the EU is going through an economic crisis which is by no means over yet. It is likely that private and corporate investments remain to be targeted on the growing markets of the world where capital appreciation and economic profits are likely to be higher than elsewhere, and that public budgets and university basic fund- ing (which is allocated through national funding mechanisms, and not targeted on specific areas beforehand) will diminish or stagnate in Europe due to recession and increased public debt for years to come. Thirdly, there are growing educational markets in China and the so-called Third World, whereas in the old...
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