Methodological Principles and Practice
Part III Quantitative
Frédéric Lebaron and Philippe Bonnet Introduction to Part III Geometric Data Analysis techniques are in direct and strong af finity with Pierre Bourdieu’s sociological theory. First, they provide a ‘relational’ view of social reality and help to over- come any form of ‘substantialism’ in the description of groups, practices or attitudes. They are consistent with Bourdieu’s ‘cassirerian’ conception of science. Secondly, they develop a ‘spatial’ representation of reality, which suits particularly well the project of operationalizing the notions of field and social space, notions which become central in Bourdieu’s theoretical con- struction after 1971. They allow the construction of fields and social spaces as research objects which are defined as reference-spaces for the sociologist. Thirdly, GDA techniques allow a multidimensional display of vari- ables. They are both synthetic in the sense they permit us to summarize the links between various variables and analytical in the sense that they provide a vision of a set of independent variables (the principal dimensions) which need to be taken into account from the data. Finally, they put a stress on the visualization of individuals seen as holders of social properties (and the two clouds resulting from MCA directly relate both spaces). In Part III, the authors all use GDA techniques and, for most of them, relate this use to a theoretical construction which is directly inspired by or connected with Bourdieu’s sociological conception. This conception is illustrated in three domains: cultural practices; education; politics. One of the first topics is the sociology...