The volume is intended to constitute a cosmopolitan project in itself, comprising contributions from scholars with very diverse approaches. Together, these contributions provide a stimulating analysis of what cosmopolitanism can offer to socially and politically diverse twenty-first-century societies.
1 Some Conceptual and Structural Problems of Global Cosmopolitanism (Hauke Brunkhorst)
Hauke Brunkhorst 1 Some Conceptual and Structural Problems of Global Cosmopolitanism1 It does not make much sense to argue over the question of whether we should have a postnational and cosmopolitan order or not. We have it already, and we have to take positions for or against the – by now – ubiquitous (and, in parts of the world, very powerful) existence of the state from within the cosmopolitan world order. One of the legends of the schools of Eric Vögelin or Carl Schmitt was the thesis that the state was a modern invention that stems from the sixteenth or seventeenth century. But state formation and transformation has a long history which goes back to the very first societies with a kind of specialization regarding the use of coercive power.2 The national state – not to be confused with the homogenous nation state, which no longer exists – existed in the late nineteenth century in a small (but powerful) north-western segment of the globe, originating roughly from the time of the Protestant Reformation but with deep roots in medieval history, becoming dominant in Europe during the nineteenth century, and being globalized during the second half of the twentieth century.3 1 I have to thank Chris Engert for his sensitive work on the text and the translation (it was even more than that) of my poor German English into rich English English. 2 Charles Tilly, ‘States, State Transformation, and War’, in Jerry Bently, ed., The Oxford Handbook of World History, quoted from the draft...
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