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Among Russian Sects and Revolutionists

The Extraordinary Life of Prince D. A. Khilkov

Graham Camfield

In his lifetime Prince Dmitrii Aleksandrovich Khilkov (1857–1914) became known in a number of seemingly contradictory roles and contexts: courageous officer, Tolstoyan, defender of the oppressed, leader of the Dukhobor exodus, revolutionary terrorist and returning Orthodox prodigal. Born into one of Russia’s ancient aristocratic families, with close links to the court, he chose an unexpected path that led him deep into the Russian countryside and brought him to the very edge of the Empire. Renouncing a brilliant military career, he gave up almost all his land to the peasants and settled on a small farm at Pavlovki, Khar’kov province. There, his support for peasants at variance with local landowners and the Church brought him into conflict with authority, both civil and ecclesiastical, and led to his exile, firstly among religious dissidents in Transcaucasia and later among political émigrés in Switzerland.
Using a wide range of often obscure published sources, this book explores Khilkov’s extraordinary life through his autobiographical notes and the accounts of many who knew him, among them Lev Tolstoi and his disciples, the Marxist Vladimir Bonch-Bruevich, fellow members of the Socialist Revolutionary Party and the Orthodox clergy who guided him back to the Church.

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Abrikosov, Khrisanf Nikolaevich 145, 166, 171–2 Alekhin, Aleksei Vasil’evich 59  Alekhin, Arkadii Egorovich 60–2  Alekhin, Arkadii Vasil’evich 58–9, 61–2  Alekhin, Mitrofan Vasil’evich 41, 59, 61, 71, 119, 122, 179  Aleksandr II 9, 27, 129  Alexander III 117, 129  Amvrosii (Kliucharev), Archbishop 49–50, 54–5, 97  Annenkova, Leonila Fominichna 84  Azef, Evno Fishelevich 204, 209–10, 212, 219, 225  Baptists 5, 30, 120–1, 127, 129–31  Beilis, Mendel 255–7, 259  Bellows, John 100, 144, 155  Bers, Stepan Andreevich 36  Beseda 5, 126–32, 169  Bibikova, Mariia Sergeevna 66  Bible Christians 128  Biriukov, Pavel Ivanovich 42, 58, 110, 137, 144–5, 152, 165–6, 191 Bloody Sunday 212–14 Bodianskii, Aleksandr Mikhailovich 40–1, 100, 119, 122–3, 137–9, 170–1, 231–2 Doukhobor emigration 138, 145, 160–2 Bonch-Bruevich, Vladimir Dmitrievich 6, 158, 160, 162, 179–81, 183, 188–9, 195–7, 234 Pamiati D. A. Khilkova 7, 13, 20, 159, 271 publishing activity 5, 180–1, 184–6, 188, 198 Boulanger, Pavel Aleksandrovich 142, 145, 152, 165–6 Breshkovskaia, Ekaterina Konstantinova 208–19, 218–19, 227  Brupbacher, Fritz 218  Bunin, Ivan Alekseevich 108  Butkevich, Timofei Ivanovich 5, 10, 72  Chavchavadze, Zakharii Gul’batovich 14–15  Chepurin, Nikolai Viktorovich 7, 233, 248, 250, 264  Chernov, Viktor Mikhailovich 208, 224  Chertkov, Vladimir Grigorievich 2, 42, 44, 99, 107, 111, 117–18, 143, 150, 152, 165, 194–6 Christian Martyrdom in Russia 144 O revoliutsii 198, 200 Pokhishchenie detei Khilkovykh 3 Pomogite! 140, 143  Chertkova, Anna...

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