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Crossing Borders

The Interrelation of Fact and Fiction in Historical Works, Travel Tales, Autobiography and Reportage


Maureen A. Ramsden

In the twentieth century, the boundaries between different literary genres started to be questioned, raising a discussion about the various narrative modes of factual and fictional discourses.
Moving on from the limited traditional studies of genre definitions, this book argues that the borders between these two types of discourse depend on complex issues of epistemology, literary traditions and social and political constraints. This study attempts a systematic and specific analysis of how literary works, and in particular documentary ones, where the borders are more difficult to define, can be classified as factual or fictional. The book deals with several areas of discourse, including history, travel tales, autobiography and reportage, and opens up perspectives on the very different ways in which documentary works make use of the inescapable presence of both factual and fictional elements.


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Toby Garfitt Preface ix Acknowledgements xiii Introduction 1 Part I Factual and Fictional Discourses: A Case for Re/classification? 7 Chapter 1 The Interrelation of Fact and Fiction in Literary Works: Towards the Establishment of Boundaries 9 Chapter 2 The Ordering of Realms: The World and the Text 29 Part II The Interrelation of Fact and Fiction in Documentary Discourse 49 Chapter 3 The Story of History/History as Story 51 Chapter 4 Fact and Fiction in the Travel Tale 65 viii Chapter 5 Autobiographical Narrative: The Self as “Other” 77 Chapter 6 The Reporter as Artist: The Interrelation of Fact and Fiction in Reportage 117 Towards a Conclusion 147 Bibliography 165 Index 179

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