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Building Europe with the Ball

Turning Points in the Europeanization of Football, 1905–1995

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Edited By Philippe Vonnard, Grégory Quin and Nicolas Bancel

Since 1990, football history has become increasingly important within the field of sport science, yet few studies have centred on the Europeanization of the game from the interwar period onwards. This period saw the creation of a sovereign institution dedicated to European football, the establishment of specific rules about players’ transfers and contracts and, in particular, the development of competitions.
This book examines the development of European football between 1905 and 1995 from a transnational perspective. It offers a space for discussion to both early-career and established historians from a range of different countries, leading to a better understanding of the crucial turning points in the Europeanization of the game. The volume aims to promote valuable new reflections on the role of football in the European integration process.

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Part III: Part IIIThe Third Europeanization: The New Stakes ofEuropean Football (1950s to the 1990s)

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Part III The Third Europeanization: The New Stakes of European Football (1950s to the 1990s) Philippe Vonnard 7 How did UEFA Govern the European Turning Point in Football? UEFA, the European Champion Clubs’ Cup and the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup Projects (1954–1959) Introduction In the wake of war there was a new spirit of co-operation within Europe and foot- ball was proving an ideal medium for healing old animosities and establishing new friendships.1 In his autobiography published in 1978, Sir Stanley Rous, former General Secretary of the Football Association (1934–61) and FIFA President (1961–74), reflected on the creation of the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup in the middle of the 1950s. He commented particularly that the period had been marked by a context of new ideas of collaboration in Europe that could explain the foundation of this competition. During the 1950s and 1960s, a crucial step forward was taken in establishing more continental connections in football. Firstly, a number of continental competitions were created such as the European Champion Clubs’ Cup, the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup and the Cup Winners’ Cup, as well as a European Nations Cup. These new competitions heightened the already significant spectatorship for continental football and led to the creation of key structures that made football the most popular sport on the continent. At the same time, and perhaps more important in the establishment of stronger European connections in football, this epoch also saw the creation of a continental organizing body, UEFA (Union of European Football Associations)...

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