An Archaeological Re-assessment of Forty-Seven Early Byzantine Basilical Church Excavations Primarily in Israel and Jordan, and their Historical and Liturgical Context
Chapter 5: Other activities in Early Byzantine basilical churches
← 108 | 109 → CHAPTER 5
Other activities in Early Byzantine basilical churches
The catalogue of church sites has been compiled together with those artefacts thought to be deposited in sealed layers while these basilicas functioned as churches, or as they were abandoned.1 Domestic artefacts were deposited at fourteen church sites that are split equally between either a Syrian or Roman church plan.
The presence of these domestic artefacts (Table 5.1–5.3) in churches has received little attention, and yet their presence hints that activities other than mere performance of the liturgy occurred, at least at some Early Byzantine church sites. The nature of these artefacts suggests that food was brought into these churches and deposited, stored, distributed and possibly also consumed on site, i.e. communal meals were eaten in church. The presence of cooking pots is particularly problematical in that, although plates and bowls might possibly be used during liturgical performance, there is no reference to cooked food in this ceremony.
The aim of this chapter is to analyse these domestic artefacts for repeated patterns of deposition that might reflect institutional behaviour. Also to determine what artefacts are deposited and where, and together with what other artefacts. Then to consider some textual references to non-liturgical activities in Early Byzantine churches to determine whether these might account for the deposition of at least some of these domestic artefacts. This chapter will also consider whether the deposition of domestic artefacts coincides with the location of...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.