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European Francophonie

The Social, Political and Cultural History of an International Prestige Language

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Edited By Vladislav Rjéoutski, Gesine Argent and Derek Offord

This volume examines the use of French in European language communities outside France from the Middle Ages to the twentieth century. The phenomenon of French language usage is explored in a wide variety of communities, namely Bohemian, Dutch, medieval English, German (Prussian), Italian, Piedmontese, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish and Turkish. Each chapter offers unique insight into the existence of francophonie in a given language community by providing illustrations of language usage and detailed descriptions of various aspects of it. The volume as a whole explores such sociolinguistic matters as bilingualism and multilingualism, the use of French as a lingua franca and prestige language, language choice and code-switching, variations in language usage depending on class or gender, language attitudes and language education. The sociohistorical and sociocultural matters considered include the association of a variety of language with the court, nobility or some other social group; the function of French as a vehicle for the transmission of foreign cultures; and the role of language in the formation of identity of various kinds (national, social and personal).
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Notes on Contributors

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Extract

MARIANNE AILES is a Senior Lecturer in French at the University of Bristol. She works on medieval French epic and chronicle, with particular interest in insular French texts. She is currently completing a book on Charlemagne material in England with Phillipa Hardman of Reading University. Her publications include a monograph on the Chanson de Roland and an edition of the crusade chronicle Estoire de la guerre sainte by the Norman writer Ambroise.

GESINE ARGENT is a Postdoctoral Research Assistant on the project ‘The History of the French Language in Russia’ based at the University of Bristol. Her research concerns contemporary Russian language culture as well as its history. She specializes in the study of metadiscourse, that is to say talk and debates about language, language use and the role and character a language has or should have.

MANUELA BÖHM is a Visiting Professor of German Linguistics at Kassel University. Her research interests include sociolinguistics, literacy studies, language contact and diachronic linguistics. She is the leader of a project on ‘Literacy, Orthography and Written Language Acquisition in Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Germany’ funded by The German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft). She is also one of the founding members of the network LitCo – Literacies in Contact – Littéracies en Contact – Literalität im Kontakt (also funded by the DFG).

PETER BURKE, Emeritus Professor of the University of Cambridge, is a leading social and cultural historian and one of the pioneers of the study of language...

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