The Ideological Role of Chinese Children’s Rhymes and Poems in the Twentieth Century
The role of traditional rhymes is examined within the context of a male-dominated family hierarchy of Confucian thinking that profoundly shaped children’s development. The language and literature reforms of the 1920s brought a poetry revolution in China, as authors began to write for children in the vernacular language and offer a purposeful argument against Confucianism, in favour of science and democracy. Literary approaches evolved, first into the socialist-realist approach of the 1940s and 1950s, then into the «three prominences» of the Cultural Revolution. Meanwhile, in Taiwan, children’s rhymes promoted the messages of modern science, but maintained a traditional Confucian outlook. In the 1980s, children’s poetry in the People’s Republic of China began to follow a new direction, in keeping with the new era of cultural and economic liberalization.
This book uses the evolution of the children’s poetry genre to provide a fascinating insight into Chinese political, moral and social life in the twentieth century.
北京师范大学出版集团, 《摇篮里的童谣》 （北京: 北京师范大学出版社, 2012） 。 Beijing Normal University Publishing Group, Nursery Rhymes in the Cradle (Beijing: Beijing Normal University Publishers, 2012).
Bled, Cynthia E., Understanding China through Cartoons (Ottawa: Institute for International Development and Co-operation, University of Ottawa, 1985).
Cai Zong-Qi, How to Read Chinese Poetry: A Guided Anthology (New York: Columbia University Press, 2008).
Chang Kang-I and Owen, Stephen, eds, The Cambridge History of Chinese Literature Vl. II (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010).
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