A Critical Contribution
Chapter One: The Context of Politics and Ideology of Bipartisanism and the Colombian Novel 1951–1987
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The mid twentieth century in contemporary Colombia was a deeply disturbed era whose political disturbances which began with bipartisan (liberal and conservative) feuds, recording the 9 April 1948 uprising as its most representative expression, and culminated in the amnesty processes and a new outbreak of the conflict towards the mid-1980s, significantly influenced the development of the Colombian novel. Leading as well as little-known novelists began to attempt to portray the most salient of the events in a handful of novels. The most noteworthy encompass Eduardo Caballero Calderón’s El Cristo de espaldas and Siervo sin tierra, and Gabriel García Márquez’s La mala hora among others.
The purpose of this chapter is to provide a sense of how a system of power relations ideologically pervaded the Colombian social and cultural ambience and gave rise to the novels produced during this period. I attempt to explain, on the one hand, the significance of partisan relationships, and, on the other, to show how these relationships evolved as a particular process with a specific internal dynamic, distinctively different from the Colombian conflicts that arose later in the 1990s. This focus is justified as a means of clarifying the political and ideological relationships from which the novels read in this book directly derive.
This chapter looks at the understanding of facts in two related ways: partisan relationships and ideological orientation. With regard to partisan relationships, those aspects such as competition, alliances, disagreements, party...
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