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The Vanished Musicians

Jewish Refugees in Australia


Albrecht Dümling

About 9,000 Jewish refugees from Nazi Germany settled in Australia between 1933 and 1945, a small fraction of the hundreds of thousands who fled. Although initially greeted with a mixed reception as «enemy aliens», some of these refugees remained and made a significant impact on multicultural Australia. This book traces the difficult journey of the orchestral performers, virtuoso soloists, singers, conductors and composers who sought refuge on a distant continent. A few were famous artists who toured Australia and stayed, most notably the piano virtuoso Jascha Spivakovsky and the members of the Weintraubs Syncopators, one of the most successful jazz bands of the Weimar Republic. Drawing on extensive primary sources – including correspondence, travel documents and interviews with the refugees themselves or their descendants – the author depicts in vivid detail the lives of nearly a hundred displaced musicians. Available for the first time in English, this volume brings to light a wealth of Jewish, exilic and musical history that was hitherto unknown.
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This book could not have appeared without the generous help of a great number of people who contributed in many different ways. I should like to thank Mary-Clare Adam-Murwitz, Tel Aviv; Elizabeth Allum, Sydney; Shirley Apthorp, Berlin; Henri Aram, Sydney; Suzanne Baker, Sydney; Sybil Baer (d.), Sydney; Anthony Berg, Sydney; Ilse Blair, Melbourne; Fred Blanks (d.), Sydney; Bern Brent, Canberra; John Burgan, Berlin; John Carmody, Sydney; Heinrich Blömeke, Singapore; Nicholas Chlumecky (d.), USA; Isabella, Eva and Fiona Colin, Melbourne; Kurt Collinet, Cologne; Carolyn Connor, National Archives Canberra; Susan Course, Melbourne; Roger Covell, Sydney; Ronald Cragg, Sydney; Marianne Dacy, Archive of Australian Judaica, Sydney; George Dreyfus, Melbourne; Kay Dreyfus, Melbourne; Catherine Duncan-Copillet (d.), Paris; Eric Eckstein (d.), Melbourne; Felix Edelmann, Vienna; Susie Ehrmann, Melbourne; Kurt R. Eisner, Melbourne; Andy Factor, Melbourne; June Factor, Melbourne; Susan Faine, Jewish Museum Melbourne; Denis Farrington, Melbourne; Sophie Fetthauer, Hamburg; Kurt Fichman, Melbourne; Addy and Emanuel Fisher (d.), Sydney; Michael Fisher, Zurich; Louis Fouvy and Jeanette McArthur, Kew Philharmonic Society; Erwin (d.) and Ellen Frenkel, Melbourne; Charmian Gadd, Sydney; Susanne Gabor (d.), Melbourne; Peter Goldner, Sydney; Brigitte Goldstein, Albuquerque, New Mexico; Dorothy Graff, Melbourne; Eric Gross (d.), Sydney; Primavera Gruber, Orpheus Trust, Vienna; Werner Grünzweig, Academy of Arts, Berlin; Hans-Heinrich Gurland (d.), Hildesheim; Sandra Hacker, Sydney; Werner Hanak, Jewish Museum Vienna; Ellen Harnisch, Kassenärztliche Vereinigung Berlin; Eddy Helfgott, Sydney; Lynne Heller, University of Music and Performing Arts, Vienna; Robyn Holmes, National Library of Australia; Anthony Kay, Sydney; Bernard Keeffe, London; Julie...

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