The Cultural Impact of the Great War in Catalonia, Spain, Europe and a Glance at Latin America
This book features essays by some of the most important specialists in the First World War from Spain, Italy, Portugal, the United Kingdom and Latin America, who, in the centenary of the conflict, provide an innovative critical approach to this crucial event in contemporary history.
A Civil War of Words in Italy: Italian intellectuals from Interventionism into WWI to Engagement into Fascism
In August 1914 war broke out in Europe. On 2 August 1914 Italy declared neutrality and remained temporarily loyal to the Triple Alliance, a treaty with the Habsburg and German Empires, which had been renewed in December 1912 and which did not require her to enter into a war alongside her allies. Thus opened a troubled gestation, lasting nine months, of the decision to take part in the European conflict, until the repudiation of the Treaty on 4 May 1915 and the official declaration of war against the Austro-Hungarian Empire on 23 May. In this long armed vigil, intellectuals and artists played an important role in giving expression to the clash of ideas and politics throughout the country.
Italian historiography on the Great War has had a deep-seated renewal from the mid-1970s, which has also been reflected in new works being written on the occasion of the centenary, but specific contributions on the role which the Italian intellectual classes had in the European conflict are still few in contrast to what is happening in other countries, especially in France and Spain.1 The excellent works of Mario Isnenghi still remain a point of reference which, since their first appearance in the 1970s, have centred on the ‘myth’ of the Great War, created mainly by individuals and by intellectual currents,2 even if recently Mario Mondini has disseminated ← 55 | 56 → themes and timelines in the chapter ‘scrivere della guerra’ [‘writing about the war’] in his innovative summary.3 Italian...
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