The Fenian Invasion of Canada, 1866
This book places the Irish American Fenians in their proper context, demonstrating their central importance within American, Irish and Irish American history. Its publication coincides with the 150
Chapter 1 : The Fate of ‘Old Ireland’ and the Past that Infused Fenian Thought
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The Fate of ‘Old Ireland’ and the Past that Infused Fenian Thought
England is truly a great public criminal. England! All England! … She must be punished; that punishment will, as I believe, come upon her by and through Ireland; and so Ireland will be avenged … The Atlantic ocean be never so deep as the hell which shall belch down on the oppressors of my race.
— JOHN MITCHEL, Irish nationalist, American immigrant, writing in 1856
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