Supports et acteurs de la création texte/image (XXe–XXIe siècles) / Materials and Agents of the Text/Image Creation (20th–21th Centuries)
Edited By Isabelle Chol and Jean Khalfa
The heart of the reflection in this book is the diversity of aesthetic possibilities of the book as material support, from the late nineteenth century to contemporary experiments. The page, the sheet and the book go well beyond the codex and the bound book, in the heterogeneity of their materials, forms and formats (fans, leporellos, poster collections, upright books, book sculptures, exploded books, electronic books, etc.): they are active supports in the design and reception process. This book observes the process of composition and distribution of works in their material singularities, including the role of the different stakeholders in the design of the book, not only the writer and the artist but also the typographer, bookbinder, publisher or gallery owner, each playing a multiplicity of roles. Such porous borders between roles and crafts generate porosity between the literary and artistic genres.
Paratextual elements and typographic techniques: The evolution of visual culture in Italian middlebrow literature
This paper intends to describe the processes of visual innovation that transformed the paratextual aspects of middlebrow literature in the early twentieth century (1930s–40s) from the aesthetic influences to the actual contacts established between the world of publishing and that of avant-garde art.
The literature prevailing at the dawn of the century acted as a trigger for a mutual influencing process between text and image, which found on book covers and illustrations a particularly fertile ground. This type of visual art enjoyment was not elitist, and it became widespread and popularized on book covers. Such an ability to penetrate effectively and horizontally within society is the reason why this paper focuses on middlebrow literature.
Middlebrow literature is a genre or a group of genres that developed in the first half of the twentieth century. The concept of middlebrow first spread at the end of the 1920s in reference to visual art, but was soon extended to literature. In The Feminine Middlebrow Novel, 1920s to 1950s1 Nicolas Humble defines the middlebrow as a hybrid literary form that includes several genres, from the country novel to the family saga and to women’s fiction, from children’s literature to the western novel. This type of literature reaches a broad public, of average culture, made up of women, members of the middle class, young readers. Definitions of middlebrow usually insist on the following elements: ← 75 | 76 →
• middlebrow literature is oriented towards the communication of clearly organized...
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