Show Less
Restricted access

Loneliness and Solitude in Education

How to Value Individuality and Create an Enstatic School


Julian Stern

Analysing loneliness and solitude in schools and exploring how to deal with them is a vital task. In recent research for the author’s Spirit of the School project, a number of pupils, teachers and headteachers described times when they felt lonely and times when they felt the need for healthy solitude. The causes of loneliness are numerous and its consequences have a significant unrecognised impact on education. How do schools deal with people when they are lonely, and how can they overcome loneliness? How can they create opportunities for healthy solitude, a welcome alternative to loneliness? Schools can sometimes try to include people by being intensely social, but end up making them feel even more excluded. A school that teaches solitude well and helps individuals deal with loneliness can be called an ‘enstatic’ school: a school in which people are comfortable within themselves. The objective of this book – the first comprehensive study of the subject – is to help us all understand loneliness and solitude and thereby to reinvigorate debates on personal, character and values education.
Show Summary Details
Restricted access



Alsop, P., and McCaffrey, T. (eds.) (1993). How to Cope With Childhood Stress: A Practical Guide for Teachers. Harlow: Longman.

Arendt, H. (1978). The Life of the Mind. San Diego: Harvest.

Arendt, H. (2004). The Origins of Totalitarianism. New York: Schoken.

Aristotle (1984). The Complete Works of Aristotle. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Arnold, D. (ed.) (1983). The New Oxford Companion to Music. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Athanasius (1980). The Life of Antony and The Letter to Marcellinus. Mahwah, New Jersey: Paulist Press.

St Augustine (1991). Confessions: A New Translation by Henry Chadwick. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bagnoli, A. (2009). ‘Beyond the Standard Interview: The Use of Graphic Elicitation and Arts-Based Methods’, Qualitative Research, 9, 547–570.

Bakhtin, M. M. (1981). The Dialogic Imagination. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.