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Choices and Constraints

Gender Differences in the Employment Expectations of Final Year Undergraduates in a University in Central China

Jian Zhu

This book seeks to investigate gender differences in final year undergraduates’ employment expectations of their starting jobs, including salary, occupational and working region expectations, and to identify factors that have contributed to gender differences in these expectations. It employs an on-site self-completion questionnaire survey and a follow-up semi-structured interview carried out in a university in Central China. The study adopts the conceptual perspective of ‘choice and constraint’, which means that male and female final year undergraduates are able to make their own choices towards employment expectations; however, their choices of employment expectations are limited by a number of constraints. Empirical studies find that there are gender differences in employment expectations. This study further reveals the influence of gendered economic roles, experienced or perceived sex discrimination in China’s graduate labour market job preferences and parents’ expectations on those gender differences in employment expectations.
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About the author


About the book

JIAN ZHU is a lecturer in the K. P. Tin Institute of Educational Science, Zhejiang Normal University, China. He earned his PhD in Education from the Moray House School of Education, The University of Edinburgh, UK in 2011. Dr Zhu has published over twenty journal articles and international conference papers in the field of gender issues in China’s higher education and beyond, including comparative higher education. His current research interests include gender issues in China’s higher education and comparative education, with particular reference to inclusivity. He is a principal investigator of the project entitled ‘The Gender Characteristics of Top-level Leaders in China’s “985 Project” Universities’, which is funded by the Ministry of Education, the People’s Republic of China.

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