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Choices and Constraints

Gender Differences in the Employment Expectations of Final Year Undergraduates in a University in Central China

Jian Zhu

This book seeks to investigate gender differences in final year undergraduates’ employment expectations of their starting jobs, including salary, occupational and working region expectations, and to identify factors that have contributed to gender differences in these expectations. It employs an on-site self-completion questionnaire survey and a follow-up semi-structured interview carried out in a university in Central China. The study adopts the conceptual perspective of ‘choice and constraint’, which means that male and female final year undergraduates are able to make their own choices towards employment expectations; however, their choices of employment expectations are limited by a number of constraints. Empirical studies find that there are gender differences in employment expectations. This study further reveals the influence of gendered economic roles, experienced or perceived sex discrimination in China’s graduate labour market job preferences and parents’ expectations on those gender differences in employment expectations.
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References

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Abrams, P. (1982). Historical Sociology. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Agelasto, M. (1998). ‘Graduate Employment: From Manpower Planning to the Market Economy’. In M. Agelasto and B. Adamson (eds), Higher Education in Post-Mao China, pp. 259–280. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.

Aifeng, J. (2000). ‘The Conflict between Males and the Role of Contemporary Female Professionals’, Chinese Education and Society, 33 (6), 37–44.

Aikman, S. (2003). Developing Curricula for Gender Equality and Quality Basic Education: A beyond Access Project Policy Paper. Papers presented at the Beyond Access seminar on Curriculum for Gender Equality and Quality Basic Education in Schools, 16 December 2003. accessed 25 February 2011.

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