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Sociolinguistic Transition in Former Eastern Bloc Countries

Two Decades after the Regime Change

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Edited By Marián Sloboda, Petteri Laihonen and Anastassia Zabrodskaja

This volume offers empirical perspectives on the current sociolinguistic situations in former Eastern Bloc countries. Its seventeen chapters analyse phenomena such as language choice, hierarchies and ideologies in multilingualism, language policies, minority languages in new legal, educational, business and migratory contexts, as well as the position of English in the region. The authors use various methodological approaches – including surveys, discourse analyses, descriptions and analyses of linguistic landscapes, and ethnography – in order to deal with sociolinguistic issues in eight countries and seven regions, from Brandenburg, Germany, in the West to Sakhalin, Russia, in the East.

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Attila Benő & János Péntek - Hungarians in Transylvania: Language policy and mainstream language ideologies in Romania

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Attila Benő & János Péntek

Hungarians in Transylvania: Language policy and mainstream language ideologies in Romania

1 Introduction

This paper presents the current situation of Hungarians in Romania, with special focus on the process of codifying language rights in that country. As language ideologies may justify legal processes concerning linguistic minorities, we introduce the mainstream Romanian linguistic ideologies, as they are reflected in Romanian law today. The authors maintain that the legal regulation of linguistic rights is carried out in accordance with certain language ideologies. The aim of the paper is to analyse these connections between the legal codification of language rights and language ideologies as they appear in official measures.

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