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The Dynamics of Knowledge Circulation

Cases from Korea


Edited By Eun-Jeung Lee and Marion Eggert

The book is about the evolution and transformation of knowledge and knowledge systems in the context of cultural contact. The articles take Korea as an example and deal with the configuration, dissemination and consolidation of knowledge in certain contexts of the past and present. Combining philological and social scientific approaches, this book is the result of a joint research project of the Korean Studies institutes at Freie Universität Berlin and Ruhr University Bochum pursued between 2009 and 2014.

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Eric J. Ballbach - Framing an Enemy? A Comparative Analysis of the Media Framing of North Korea


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Eric J. Ballbach

Framing an Enemy? A Comparative Analysis of the Media Framing of North Korea

Abstract This article analyzes the North Korea reporting of selected daily newspapers and weekly magazines in the context of particular events, namely the 2006 and 2008 nuclear tests, the two inter-Korean summits, the September 2005 and February 2008 agreements in the Six-Party Talks and the Ch’ŏnan and Yŏngp’yŏn incidents in 2010. Using the framing paradigm as central conceptual and theoretical lens and drawing on Tankard’s “List-of-Frames” approach and Mayring’s qualitative content analysis as methodological tools, the paper identifies the main frames used in the selected media’s reporting on North Korea and analyzes the characteristics, attributes, metaphors and techniques of emotionalization and dramatization that are characteristic for the identified frames.

The idea of the power of the media to influence political and societal debate is widely accepted today. Above all, this influence is a result of the media’s ‘power of selection’ as well as its ‘power of portrayal,’ i.e. how certain issues and events, actors or national images are represented in its coverage. As Lichter (quoted in Choi Jinbong 2009: 28) points out, the mass media has “many options about how to portray social issues or events, yet only a few topics are selected; of those topics selected, certain aspects are considerably covered.” Ban Hyun et al. (2009: 2) describe this ‘catalyst role’ of the media as “the most central to the...

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