Indigenous Self-Representation in Canada, the U.S. and Mexico
This book focuses on self-representations of several indigenous communities in Canada, the U.S. and Mexico. It offers a multifaceted understanding of North American indigenous history, identity, community and forms of culture. Intersecting themes shape the structure of this volume: the first part focuses on the theme of recovery in relation to the literary field, the second part examines the theme of governance through examples of conflict, public government and citizenship, and the final part discusses the theme of increased global movements in relation to the preservation of local traditions. The contributors hope to advance trans-indigenous studies by encouraging productive dialogues across the U.S., Canada and Mexico–U.S. borders.
Inuit Governance in Nunavut: How to “Inuitize” a Public Government
Canada’s newest Territory, Nunavut, was created in 1999 following years of negotiation between Inuit – the aboriginal people living in the eastern Arctic of Canada – and the Canadian Federal Government. Since the 1970s, the Federal Canadian Government had been negotiating unsettled land claims with its aboriginal peoples: First Nations and Inuit. In general, there is great variation in the way these negotiations have been conducted, the time span involved and in the results that were achieved. Still, over the years many land claims have been settled (Bone 193). These so-called comprehensive land claim settlements or “modern-day treaties” (Muir in Saku et al. 110) define new relationships between the aboriginal people of Canada and its federal, provincial and territorial governments (Saku et al. 110). In principle, these comprehensive land claims all involve clauses that allow aboriginal people to govern internal affairs and to assume greater responsibility in the use and management of land and wildlife (Bone 193). The Nunavut Land Claims Agreement between the Inuit of Nunavut and Canada, signed in 1993, is considered to be one of the most extensive and successful examples of such agreements (e.g. Hicks 21–53). What was particularly unique to this land claim was the provision made for the creation of a new territory, Nunavut, and the establishment of a territorial Government.1 The Nunavut Territory and Government are public jurisdictions not based on ethnic principles, but since approximately 85% of the population is Inuit, Nunavut is generally referred to as the Inuit Homeland or...
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