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Pluricentric Languages and Non-Dominant Varieties Worldwide

Part I: Pluricentric Languages across Continents. Features and Usage

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Edited By Rudolf Muhr

This is the first of two thematically arranged volumes with papers that were presented at the "World Conference of Pluricentric Languages and their non-dominant Varieties" (WCPCL). It comprises papers about 20 PCLs and 14 NDVs around the world. The second volume encompasses a further 17 papers about the pluricentricity of Portuguese and Spanish. The conference was held at the University of Graz (Austria) on July 8th-11th 2015. The papers fall into five categories: (1) Theoretical aspects of pluricentricity and the description of variation; (2) Different types of pluricentricity in differing environments; (3) African pluricentric languages and non-dominant varieties; (4) The pluricentricity of Arabic and Asian languages; (5) The pluricentricity of European languages inside Europe (Austrian German, Bosnian/Serbian/Croatian, Hungarian, Belgium Dutch, French, Greek, Swedish, Russian).

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The Russian Language in Crimea: From Pluricentricity to Monocentricity

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Salvatore Del Gaudio1 / Jurij Dorofeev

(University of Kyiv T. Ševčenko, Ukraine / State Budgetary Educational Institution of Further Professional Education of the Crimean Republic) sadega@hotmail.com/yuvld@mail.ru

The Russian Language in Crimea2: From Pluricentricity to Monocentricity

Abstract

This paper examines the changes, which are underway in the Crimean variety of Russian. Until the recent events (2014), which saw the “annexation” and/or “re-unification” of Crimea to Russia, the Russian used in the peninsula was subject to a gradual process of divergence from standard Russian. The Russian of Crimea could have been defined as a non-dominant variety of a pluricentric language. The sudden change in language policy and the reinforced prestige of Russian as the main, although not the sole, official language of the peninsula is generating new changes in its status and usage. One can witness an evident shift between a former pluricentricity of Crimean Russian (C-Russian), which was in many respects not really differentiated from its Ukrainian Russian (U-Russian) counterpart, towards a monocentric model steered by the centre.

1.   Introduction

In the last two decades the problem of how Russian functions outside the Russian Federation has gradually begun to interest an ever-increasing number of scholars. This issue has often been the object of debates in conferences as testified by the rapid increase of published materials on this topic. One of the current problems of Russian Studies is to outline those processes which,...

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