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Deutungsspielräume

Mehrdeutigkeit als kulturelles Phänomen

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Nicolas Potysch and Matthias Bauer

Dieser Band ist aus einer interdisziplinären Ringvorlesung hervorgegangen, die von den Doktorandinnen und Doktoranden des Tübinger Graduiertenkollegs „Ambiguität: Produktion und Rezeption", federführend Nicolas Potysch und Sophia Kuhs, initiiert und geplant wurde. In den Beiträgen aus 12 verschiedenen Fachgebieten geht es darum, wie sprachliche und semiotische Mehrdeutigkeit an die Deutung der Wirklichkeit rückgebunden ist. Die Beiträge untersuchen Ambiguität (als Mehrzahl abgrenzbarer Bedeutungen) und Vagheit (als Spektrum nicht abgrenzbarer Bedeutungen) in Texten und Bildern. In Verbindung damit diskutieren sie zahlreiche Phänomene in kultureller, politischer, juristischer, psychologischer und didaktischer Praxis, die deutungsoffen und deutungsbedürftig sind.

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Sinn als Geflecht. Untersuchung zur Hermeneutik mittelalterlicher Kleinepik

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Abstract

In the last few years, the interest of scientific research in medieval short narratives has strongly increased. Although there are numerous new approaches, many short narratives are still only analyzed regarding one single aspect. However, the interpretation of short narratives becomes more plausible and deep if one examines one or various imminent and juxtaposed ways of reading them.

Medieval hermeneutics, as derived from Bible exegesis and applied to vernacular poetics, provides the basis for this reading. In this context, particularly the fourfold meaning of the Scripture as a concept of “Vervielsinnigung” – multiplication of meanings – (not “Vereindeutigung”) has to be taken into account. By means of selected short narratives, – Stricker’s “der kluge Knecht”, “die drei Mönche zu Kolmar”, “der nackte Ritter” and “der falsche Blinde” – this essay will show that these texts are neither written to reveal their meaning by only one way of reading, nor are they construed in such a manner as to juxtapose different modes of reading as completely separate and sudden interpretations. In these narratives, there rather is a condense network of meaning which is connected in quite different ways. Thus, the texts illustrate the conviction that meaning and truth do not have direct verbal equivalents, but have to be newly examined again and again from changing perspectives. Hence, late medieval reception probably benefitted from the possibility to discover new interpretations which are closely connected to each other. It is this way of retracing such a text-network in the...

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