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Relazioni linguistiche

Strutture, rapporti, genealogie


Martin Becker and Ludwig Fesenmeier

I contributi raccolti nel volume risalgono alle rispettive comunicazioni presentate nella sezione di linguistica del convegno del Deutscher Italianistenverband, svoltosi dal 20 al 22 marzo 2014 alla Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg e dedicato al tema delle «relazioni». Sullo sfondo dell’idea che alla base del nostro modo di pensare e di parlare stia il concetto della relazionalità, le prospettive storiche e sistematiche di questo concetto sono state concretizzate sul versante delle relazioni linguistiche, che possono presentarsi sotto forma di strutture, rapporti e genealogie. In tal senso sono state discusse, in prospettiva sia sincronica sia diacronica, relazioni linguistiche appartenenti a differenti livelli della descrizione linguistica.

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Daniele Baglioni - Aspetti della cronologia relativa dell’elemento italoromanzo in maltese


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Daniele Baglioni

(Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia)

Aspetti della cronologia relativa dell’elemento italoromanzo in maltese*

Abstract: Relative chronology has long been, and still is, a fundamental resource for linguistic reconstruction. In the second half of the last century, this resource has been implemented by important developments in phonological theory. In the same period, however, its determinism has been strongly criticized from a socio-linguistic point of view, by showing that its inferences are only valid when applied to subsystems and do not account for their interaction in the diasystem. In this paper the possibility of inferring the chronology of diachronic phonological processes in Maltese is tested. As a Semitic language strongly interfered by Italo-Romance, Maltese represents a challenging object for historical linguists, since its evolution can only be described by considering the Semitic and the Romance elements in their diasystemic interaction. It will be shown that, to a limited extent, the chronology of some major shifts can be satisfyingly reconstructed. Nevertheless, the possibility of contact-induced rule reordering and inversion must always be considered, as demonstrated by the adaptation of the Romance loanwords as far as both vowel fronting (imāla) and integration of [p] and [k] are concerned.

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