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Research on Cultural Studies

Edited By Mehmet Ali Icbay, Hasan Arslan and Francesco Sidoti

This book is a collection of papers written by researchers, lawyers, administrators, analysts and graduate students working and doing research in the field of law, communication and arts. The topics include women rights in Turkey, witness statement as evidence in Turkish law, legal regulations about organ or tissue trafficking, the new social movements in Turkey, humorous discourse on social media or the traditional country fairs in Turkey.

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The Question of Change in Philosophies of Kant and Sartre

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Introduction

This investigation argues that it is necessary to ask first “what is change?” in a philosophical manner, before investigating changes on social and behavioural sciences. Such a question will provide us not only an answer to “the question of change,” but also an answer to changes on the way of doing philosophy as a social science. In this context, we aim to discuss “the question of change” starting with ancient philosophy and with a specific focus on Kant and Sartre. Apart from other important ones, there are particularly three reasons for choosing Kant and Sartre. First, both of them can be considered as milestones in philosophy. Therefore, analysing their conception of change will not only shed light further on the question of change, but also will show the developmental process of the understanding of change in philosophy. Second, while Kant forms a new understanding of change, Sartre constitutes almost all his early philosophy upon change. Thus, besides their positions in philosophy, they are also significant philosophers in the discussion of the concept of change. Finally, although they can be represented as two different poles of philosophy, both of them present a new way of doing philosophy. This again will clarify the way that philosophy proceeds. This task, however, necessitates disclosing the reasons why there is a problem of change in philosophy. Therefore, we will try to investigate why change is a problem for us by briefly referring to the philosophies of Heraclitus and Plato and...

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